Raul Ruiz

From KeyWiki
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Raul Ruiz

Raul Ruiz is a Democratic member of the United States House of Representatives, representing the 36th district of California.[1]


Just months after he was born in Zacatecas, Mexico, Ruiz's biological mother died in the coastal Mexican city of Mazatlan.

The death left Ruiz's biological father deeply distraught, Ruiz said. It also led to his adoption while still a baby by his father's sister, Blanca, and her husband, Gilbert - who was born in Fresno, Calif.

Ruiz grew up in Coachella, California, and "learned at an early age that the key to attaining the American Dream was hard work and a great education. In the summer of 1990, under the hot desert sun, Raul walked from business to business in the Coachella Valley asking them to invest in their community – by contributing to his education. With each investment for college, he made a promise to come back home and serve the community as a physician".[2]

The family came of age in a region as fertile with activism as the soil and vineyards that yield table grapes, peppers, alfalfa and other crops. The Coachella Valley played in integral role in securing better wages and working conditions for California farm laborers.

In Coachella "it was the Filipino farm worker strike of 1965" that spurred subsequent strikes across the state for better wages and rights, labor activist Dolores Huerta recalled earlier this year, days before she received the Presidential Medal of Freedom.

Huerta and Cesar Chavez had founded the United Farm Workers just three years prior to that valley strike and had not planned their own strike yet. They didn't think their young movement was ready. It was the Filipino farmworkers' courage in Coachella helped spur them to action, she said.

Many veteran UFW members from that era still live in the desert. They’ve influenced subsequent generations of east valley activists, their legacy reflected in groups such as Lideres Campesinas, Pueblo Unido and Promotores Comunitarios del Desierto – a group that now features a group photo with Ruiz on its Facebook page.

He studied at Harvard from 1995 to 2003, did residency work in Pittsburgh, Pa., and then wrapped a final academic year in Boston in 2005-2006. Ruiz then returned to the Coachella Valley in 2007 to work at Eisenhower Medical Center.

While in Boston, Ruiz lived in Jamaica Plain, an historic Boston neighborhood about 3 miles south of Harvard Medical School.

Back in Boston, Ruiz managed to keep a full schedule outside of school. He performed as a “danzante” – a folkloric dancer in traditional Aztecan costume with troupes from across New England, Perez said. It was an activity Ruiz immersed himself in at UCLA.

Ruiz has a girlfriend called Monica Rivers.[3]


  • Graduated magna cum laude at UCLA
  • Became the first Latino to receive three graduate degrees from Harvard University – a Medical Doctorate, a Masters in Public *Policy and a Masters in Public Health
  • Returned to the Coachella Valley in 2007 to work as an emergency physician at Eisenhower Medical Center, the Coachella Valley’s only nonprofit hospital
  • Senior Associate Dean at the University of California, Riverside School of Medicine
  • Founder and director of the Coachella Valley Healthcare Initiative
  • Founded a pre-med mentorship program, the Future Physician Leaders program, for students from underserved communities who, like him in 1990, want to become doctors and return to their community to serve
  • Helped open clinics giving free care and health education to underserved communities throughout the Coachella Valley.[4]

Overseas service

During and after his education at Harvard, Raul Ruiz also volunteered and worked abroad. He spent a year as a medical student with Partners In Health, bringing health care to the poor in Mexico. In El Salvador and Serbia, he served as consultant to the ministers of health on emergency healthcare reform.[5]

Support for the Council on American Islamic Relations

Raul Ruiz wrote a letter of support to the Council on American-Islamic Relations (CAIR) on the occasion of their 24th anniversary in September 2018.[6]

Workers World Party connections

In the 1990s, Raul Ruiz was very close to the pro Cuba/Iran/North Korea Workers World Party.

Indian "rights" activism

Raul Ruiz, left

Outside of his course work, Ruiz volunteered for the North American Indian Center of Boston, a Jamaica Plain-based nonprofit that provides support services to American Indians – that's how he eventually came to be involved with United American Indians of New England's annual "National Day of Mourning."

Ruiz's participation over six years in the Thanksgiving Day protest at Plymouth, MA. - including his 1997 arrest with 24 other protesters during a clash with police - became a campaign flashpoint in after the rival Bono Mack campaign publicized it in October.

The UAINE-led protest typically start at Cole’s Hill, a National Historic Landmark above Plymouth Rock, and the burial site for Pilgrims who died the first winter after they landed there.

Tensions between cops and protestors existed since the first Day of Mourning in 1970, said Shirley Hill, a charter member of the event. In 1997, those tensions boiled over and grabbed national headlines.

Police reports from that Thanksgiving afternoon describe a chaotic confrontation between marchers and authorities. It turned violent after at least 200 demonstrators left Cole’s Hill, marched through Leyden Street, in downtown Plymouth, and approached a central town square.

Both protesters and police alleged they were assaulted by the other that day. Police would arrest a protester and then arrest more as demonstrators tried to pull the first protester away, accounts in the reports describe. One Plymouth police officer said that a protestor sprayed mace in the face of a fellow officer, requiring medical attention.

Ruiz was taken into custody during a second wave of arrests after the Day of Mourning protesters crowded into Plymouth’s Town Square, according to the report. He was trying to pull John G. “Sam” Sapiel – a member of the Penobscot tribe from Indian Island, Maine – away from police as they arrested the elder protester.

"At some point, police began hitting people with clubs,” Ruiz told The Desert Sun in October, offering his account of the incident. “Another man and I shielded Sam to prevent him from being hit. The police hit us with clubs, arrested us, and then pepper-sprayed us even though we weren't resisting."

According to the police report, Sapiel was arrested for inciting the crowd after yelling “this is what they wanted” and pointing to an officer to call him “the Mafia.” Police had a hard time pulling him away from Ruiz and other protesters, and the group fell to the ground, the report stated.

Sapiel, who died in 2007 at age 75, was a fervent activist and advocate for American Indians, as well as a and longtime Day of Mourning participant who delivered eloquent opening prayers before each protest, said Mills, Sapiel’s 83-year-old widow. She attended all the Days of Mourning from up until several years ago. Mills said she wasn’t present during Ruiz’ arrest, but her husband and other protesters said police “threw Sam to the ground.”

“They all respected Sam,” she said of the Day of Mourning.

demonstrators. To see him on the ground “hurt so many people.”

In 1998, Ruiz pled not guilty to two misdemeanor offenses of disorderly conduct and tumultuous behavior. He faced up to three years in prison, according to the Harvard Crimson newspaper. The charges were later dropped as part of a settlement that also dismissed claims of police brutality.

While awaiting trial in 1998, Ruiz told the Harvard Crimson newspaper that Thanksgiving is "the glorification of an incident in history which has a direct link to the… poverty and oppression which (Latinos and American Indians) experience today.

After that debate, a recording surfaced of Ruiz expressing solidarity at another Day of Mourning protest with Leonard Peltier and Mumia Abu-Jamal, two cause-célèbres among many on the political left who were controversially convicted of killing authorities.

Ruiz had read a letter from Zapatista Subcommandante Marcos, the masked, militant leader fighting against the Mexican government for indigenous people in Chiapas (where Ruiz would eventually travel) expressing solidarity with Peltier.

Before the recording appeared, Ruiz said he did not recall making the statements. Once it was out, he told the Desert Sun he was "embarrassed" for statements he had made on behalf of the men.

"When I think back, I know that as a student going to this protest, this demonstration, you get caught up with people, the messaging, the ideas," he said in October. "That was another lesson learned: To make sure you rely more on evidence when you make these decisions and statements.”

Mills, 83, had no idea the Day of Mourning protests had become such a big issue this past fall nearly 3,000 miles west of her home in Falmouth, Mass. She also had not heard the Ruiz had won his Congressional bid. However, Mills said members of the Ruiz campaign contacted her in October, around the time the issue blew up, to confirm that she personally knew the candidate. Ruiz later called her, she said, to thank her for speaking with his campaign surrogates. “We liked him; he was a friend of ours,” Mills recalled of Ruiz.[7]

Ruiz joined the rallies between 1996 and 2002 and once served as co-chairman for the organizer, United American Indians of New England.

In 2002, a story in the Quincy, Mass., Patriot Ledger noted that Ruiz, dressed in Aztec warrior colors, symbolically told the crowd: “Who’s going to break the rock? Break it!”

“(Thanksgiving) is the glorification of an incident in history which has a direct link to the ... poverty and oppression which (Latinos and American Indians) experience today,” Ruiz told The Harvard Crimson in 1998. [8]

Michael L. Altman, was Ruiz's attorney. He claimed the problem was a police riot.[9]

1997 arrest

In 1997, Raul Ruiz, a 25-year-old Harvard medical student, participated in the annual Thanksgiving Day protest in Plymouth, Massachusetts, with the United American Indians of New England (UAINE), a group comprised mostly of non-Natives, according to Russell M. Peters, first Tribal Chairman of the Mashpee Wampanoag tribe. The protest, called “The National Day of Mourning,” is an event that marks the continued misrepresentation of Native Americans during colonial times.

Things got out of hand, and in a sudden turn of events, the police handcuffed Ruiz and dragged him off to jail with a handful of other protestors.

Fifteen years later, that incident is rearing its ugly head for Ruiz, now a 40-year-old emergency medicine physician at Eisenhower Medical Center in Rancho Mirage, California, who is running against Congresswoman Mary Bono Mack for her 36th Congressional District seat in the U.S. House of Representatives, a post she has held for 14 years.

Bono Mack has taken to the airwaves with a pointed attack against Ruiz for his arrest back in 1997, portraying him as “one of the most far-left candidates to ever seek a Congressional office.” In an interview with The Desert Sun, Bono Mack said, “He led protests against the celebration of Thanksgiving, no joke … because he opposes what Thanksgiving stands for and what it represents. He even called for the smashing of Plymouth Rock a symbol of American freedom.”[10]

Police said 25 people were arrested, but court records Friday identified 24 defendants. Of those arrested, the following four people were charged with assault and battery on a police officer as well as disorderly conduct and unlawful assembly, Steven C. Gillis, 36 of, Boston; Harold S. Gurwitz, 50, of Lynn; Kazi A. Toure, 47, of New Hampshire; and Lloyd Gray, 45, of New York.

Stevan C. Kirschbaum, 44, of Roslindale, and UNIA co-leader Mahtowin Munro, 38, of Quincy were charged with disorderly conduct, unlawful assembly, and violating anti-noise bylaws.

The following 18 individuals were charged with disorderly conduct and unlawful assembly - John P. Ryan, 50, of Provincetown; John G. Sapiel, 66, of Falmouth; Roland "Moonanum" F. James, 47, of Quincy; Raul Ruiz 25, of Jamaica Plain; Michael S. Pease, 44, of West Dennis; Juan I. LeClerc, 33, of Arlington; Faith K. Henry, 28, of Boston; Edward Tirrell, 32, of Taunton; Jamiel Majoos, 35, of Roxbury; Nicole D. Wood, 20, of Maryland; John P. Caruso, 34, of Provincetown; Wesley R. Thomas, 29, of Boston; David C. Pike, 30, of New Hampshire; Michael C. McCune, 23, of Ohio; Robert F. Borden 28, of Abington; Erin B. Pacheco, 20, of New Bedford; Pamela A. Cushing, 30, of Bridgewater; and Lynn L. Clowes, 31, of New Hampshire.

Lawyers representing those arrested threatened Friday to take legal action against the police. ``A civil rights case is prominent in everyone's mind, said Michael Altman, an American Civil Liberties Union attorney representing the group said after the arraignments. ``There will be an offensive.[11]

Other lawyers were Danny Beck, Dave Nat Hanson, John Reinstein and Barry Wilson.[12]

Rally Against Racism

The Jan. 19 1998, Rally Against Racism, Plymouth, Massachusetts, was organized by the United American Indians of New England in response to an "unprovoked police assault on peaceful Native demonstrators and their supporters on Nov. 27". That was "Thanksgiving"- better known to Native people as the National Day of Mourning.

UAINE elder Sam Sapiel, one of 25 people arrested that day, opened the program with a greeting and prayer. He was followed by Danza Azteca's ceremonial dances.

Mahtowin, co-leader of UAINE, opened the rally. She pointed out that it was taking place in First Parish Church in Plymouth, which traces its roots back to the congregation founded by the pilgrims.

Mahtowin discussed the massive, unprovoked police assault against the United American Indians of New England and their supporters. She pointed out that for the previous 28 years, National Day of Mourning demonstrations had involved no violence.

Mahtowin reported that several elders who had marched with Dr. Martin Luther King years ago called her to compare the Plymouth attack to Selma, Ala., in 1965 "Selma, Ala., and Plymouth, Mass.," she said, "are towns on a continuum of racism and hatred and violence that leads from slavery and lynchings and massacres at the Great Swamp and Wounded Knee, to our neighboring state of New Hampshire, which refuses to honor Martin Luther King Jr. Day as a holiday, to a tiny village in Chiapas called Acteal, where last month paramilitary forces massacred one infant, 14 children, 21 women (nine of whom were pregnant), and nine men."

Imani Henry of the National People's Campaign, a poet and actor from the lesbian/gay/bi/trans community, co-chaired the rally. One of the two Black women arrested at the National Day of Mourning, Henry spoke of the long history of solidarity between the African American and Native struggles, from the Seminole War to the government repression of the Black Panthers and the American Indian Movement.

Henry said of the media: "It is almost laughable to mention Dr. King's legacy of non-violence without mentioning the racist violence with which he was constantly met, including his finally being gunned down. Racism as systemic and systematic oppression is itself an act of violence."

Moonanum James, co-leader of UAINE, showed how the pilgrim mythology continues to be used to justify murder, theft, racism, repression and genocide against Native people today. He described current conditions on reservations. The crowd cheered when he called for freedom for Leonard Peltier, Mumia Abu-Jamal and all political prisoners.

Juan Gonzalez, spokesperson for the Council of Maya Elders, saw links between the massacre of Indigenous people in Chiapas at the instigation of the U.S. and Mexican governments and the attack on Native people in Plymouth.

Larry Holmes of Workfairness in New York thankedd the organizers for rescuing the struggle essence of Martin Luther King Day from empty platitudes and corporate co-optation.

Holmes said that instead of grandstanding and pandering to the right with his "dialogue on race," President Bill Clinton should investigate the police attack on the National Day of Mourning.

Other speakers included Brian Shea of the Disabled People's Liberation Front, Myke Johnson of the Unitarian Universalists, Anita Mukarji Connolly, and John Perry Ryan-a gay man arrested at the National Day of Mourning-of Cape Codders Against Racism.

Juiza Gimeno, a Puerto Rican high school student from Boston, said: "I was at the National Day of Mourning. I cried because it was so painful to me to see my people be oppressed like that. But this experience will not shut me down."

Solidarity messages were read from several chapters of the American Indian Movement, the Texas death row prisoners' group PURE, and Mumia Abu-Jamal. Chicano/Mexicano activist Raul Ruiz closed the rally.[13]

30th National Day of Mourning, November 25, 1999

National Day of Mourning is an "activist effort by Native Americans and other indigenous peoples to tell the truth about the genocide -- still ongoing in some parts of the world -- which is erased by history books and holidays which celebrate the lies that we are all fed as children and adults".

  • The introductory prayer by Sam Sapiel
  • Moonanum James, Aquinnah Wampanoag, activist and organizer for United American Indians of New England (UAINE.org)
  • Mahtowin Munro, Lakota, activist and organizer for UAINE
  • Clint Wixon, longtime activist
  • Lone Eagless, Mashpee Wampanoag (see Wampanoag history)
  • Millie Noble, Ojibwe, reading a poem (sorry, this reading is difficult to hear at times)
  • Juan Gonzales, spokesperson for Mayan elders
  • Teresa Gutierrez, Chicana re Mumia Abu-Jamal
  • Dr. Bert Waters, Assonet Wampanoag from Mass. Commission of Indian Affairs, reading a statement from Leonard Peltier
  • Sam Sapiel, Penobscot, elder
  • Mahtowin Munro on the plaques that will be erected as part of the settlement with Plymouth arising out of the arrest of 25 activists at the Day of Mourning in 1997, and on the Boston Globe and Herald articles that question whether the reign of terror carried out against indiginous peoples was indeed genocide.
  • Raul Ruiz, Mexica (& Chicano), including reading of letter from Sub-commandante Marcos of the Zapatistas[14]

The letter was to Leonard Peltier.

Teresa Gutierrez, a Chicana, demanded freedom for political prisoner Mumia Abu-Jamal.

Gutierrez noted that she had just returned from supporting the struggle in Vieques, Puerto Rico, and the crowd cheered again when she demanded, "U.S. out of Puerto Rico now!"[15]

During the Thanksgiving protest read read a letter of support for Leonard Peltier, who had been convicted of killing 2 FBI agents, and one from,Subcomandante Marcos, of the Mexican revolutionary group Zapatista Army of National Liberation. The incident was used by Mary Bono Mack, Ruiz's 2012 congressional opponent, in her campaign against him. The Ruiz campaign denied that Ruiz supports Peltier.[16].


Raul Ruiz spent eight months in Chiapas, as part of a medical research project while attending Harvard medical school, during a period of armed conflict between the Zapatista rebels and Mexican government.[17]

Raul Ruiz, a medical doctor candidate for the class of 2001 at Harvard and a member of the Partners in Health Chiapas Project describes his experience in seeing the risks women endure when delivering babies:

Julio was wet from the pouring rain and frightened. He ran through the streets of Polho, a community in Chiapas sympathetic to the Zapatista rebels, to find Carlos, the health promoter. He explained to Carlos, in Tzotzil, that his young wife, Ana, had delivered their first child an hour ago and was still heavily bleeding at home. I ran with the student nurse to the clinic's poorly stocked pharmacy to the post-partum hemorrhage kit.

Ruiz continues to write about his horrific travel to the woman delivering the baby. He describes Esperanza's (pregnant woman) location as very destitute. After Ruiz and the nurse performed the exam and made sure that Ana was not bleeding, they left the house. This made Ruiz question his experience and wonder what would have happened if he hadn't been there. He says, "My stomach cringed as I asked myself; What if the nurse and I was (sic) not there? If she continued to bleed would Anna have died? On my way out I gave on a last good look at the house to imprint it on my memory forever."

As a Harvard medical student with a Paul Dudley White and Andrew Sellard Traveling Fellowship, I spent eight months investigating the use of herbs by health promoters in Chiapas during low intensity warfare. I interviewed several directors from non-government health organizations, doctors, curanderos, and countless health promoters from the highlands and jungle. I worked at two clinics and helped the organization, Equipo de Atención y Promoción de Salud y Educación Comunitario (EAPSEC) - a sister organization of Harvard Medical School based Partners in Health - train health promoters in preventive medicine and primary care. I wanted to better understand the factors that influenced health promoters' use of herbal medicine.
Since the cease fire agreements in January 1994 between the Mexican Army and the Zapatista Army for National Liberation, the Mexican government militarized Chiapas with a third of its forces and promoted the formation of paramilitary groups to terrorize Zapatista sympathizers. Julio and Ana are two of 5,000 refugees in Polho displaced from their communities.
Physicians for Human Rights documented multiple violations of the neutrality of health care. Health promoters concurred that the Mexican government cause divisions amongst community members by providing aid only to non-Zapatista sympathizers, use state police and soldiers to assist the Mexican Red Cross deliver medicine, and interrogate clinic patients suspected of being Zapatista sympathizers. Moreover, military and immigration checkpoints are located in strategic entry sites creating fear and limits on community members' ability to travel and organize. They also harass international human rights observers and providers of humanitarian aid, according to Physicians for Human Rights and local non-governmental organizations.
To avoid the risk of interrogation and harassment, health promotors see herbal medicine as a means to be independent from government services. One promoter said, "we need to be prepared with medicinal plants [and] train more people in other collective work in order not to depend on the government." Another questioned, "if there is war and we don't know how to use medicinal plants, how will we treat the indigenous?"


I spent eight months investigating the use of herbs by health promoters in Chiapas during low intensity warfare,” Ruiz recalled in a 2007 piece he wrote for Partners in Health.

Later, in 2008, he further recounted of the experience: "I went in romanticizing the poor and their struggle and issues with social justice. But I came out of there realizing the tremendous nature of poverty and how real policies can actually affect human lives."

2012 CLW House victories


2012 Council for a Livable World House Victories were;

Ron Barber (D-AZ), Ami Bera (D-CA), Tim Bishop (D-NY) Suzanne Bonamici (D-OR), Bruce Braley (D-IA), Cheri Bustos (D-IL), Lois Capps (D-CA), Suzan DelBene (D-WA), Lois Frankel (D-FL), John Garamendi (D-CA), Joe Garcia (D-FL), Raul Grijalva (D-AZ), Colleen Hanabusa (D-HI), Denny Heck (D-WA), Steven Horsford (D-NV), Derek Kilmer (D-WA), Ann McLane Kuster (D-NH), Dave Loebsack (D-IA), Patrick Murphy (D-FL), Rick Nolan (D-MN), Raul Ruiz (D-CA), Brad Schneider(D-IL), Carol Shea-Porter(D–NH), Kyrsten Sinema (D-AZ),Mark Takano(D-CA) and John Tierney(D-MA)..[19]

The Council said of Ruiz;

Ruiz recognizes the economic effects of the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan. He favors bringing our troops home from Afghanistan immediately and reinvesting the $120 billion a year we are spending there at home.[20]

Sean Penn connection

In 2016, the National Republican Congressional Committee called on Rep. Raul Ruiz, D-Palm Desert, to donating $17,600 in campaign donations he received from actor Sean Penn to heroin treatment clinics in Ruiz’s district.

The demand came after Penn’s controversial Rolling Stone interview with Mexican drug lord Joaquin “El Chapo” Guzman, who was recaptured last week after escaping from a Mexican prison last summer. Penn has been criticized for giving Guzman editorial control over his story, with critics saying the actor/activist gave a fawning portrayal of a ruthless criminal.

“Raul Ruiz should immediately condemn Sean Penn’s sympathies for notorious drug king Joaquin ‘El Chapo’ Guzman by donating the $17,600 in campaign contributions he has received from Penn to heroin treatment clinics in the 36th District,” NRCC spokesman Zach Hunter said in a news release.

“While Penn may enjoy cavorting with drug cartel bosses, Ruiz should put Penn’s campaign cash to good use and help fight the heroin epidemic.”

In an email, Roy Behr, Ruiz’s campaign consultant, said: “We don’t respond to political stunts, and that’s all this is.”

Ruiz has a history with Penn going back to the 2010 Haiti earthquake. Penn and Ruiz traveled to the Caribbean island nation to provide aid, and Ruiz, an emergency-room physician, was the founding medical director of the Jenkins-Penn Haitian Relief Organization.

Penn also appeared at a Los Angeles fundraiser in 2012 for Ruiz, who upset Republican incumbent Mary Bono that year to win a district that represents the Coachella Valley, the Pass, Hemet and San Jacinto. In 2013, Ruiz spoke at the 2nd annual Sean Penn and Friends Help Haiti Home Gala.

Ousting Ruiz from office was a priority for the NRCC, which named Ruiz to its 2016 target. Ruiz is part of the Democratic Congressional Campaign Committee’s Frontline program, which gives extra help to potentially vulnerable Democratic incumbents.[21]

Congressional Hispanic Caucus

In 2012 Raul Ruiz was a member of the Congressional Hispanic Caucus.

PDA connection

In June 2013 Progressive Democrats of America assigned activists to deliver their material to almost every US Congressman and several Senators. Carolyn Krause, was assigned as contact for Rep. Ruiz.[22]

JStreet endorsement

The socialist infiltrated, anti-Israel "two state solution" JStreet PAC endorsed Raul Ruiz in his 2014 Congressional race. [23]

ARA endorsements

The Alliance for Retired Americans Political Action Fund endorsed Raul Ruiz in 2012, 2014.[24]

Farmworker Justice Los Angeles Reception

Wednesday, November 6, 2013, 6:30pm to 8:00pm, Sheppard Mullin Richter & Hampton, LLP, 333 South Hope Street, 43rd Floor Los Angeles, CA 90071.



External links



  1. National Journal "The New Faces of the 113th Congress," November 15, 2012
  2. Ruiz for Congress website, accessed April 21, 2013
  3. My Desert.com, A look into Raul Ruizm Dec. 9, 2012, Written by Marcel Honoré
  4. Ruiz for Congress website, accessed April 21, 2013
  5. Ruiz for Congress website, accessed April 21, 2013
  6. Letters of Support for CAIR accessed January 26 2020
  7. My Desert.com, A look into Raul Ruizm Dec. 9, 2012, Written by Marcel Honoré
  8. [http://www.breitbart.com/Big-Government/2012/10/16/Democratic-Congressional-Candidate-Who-Claimed-Native-American-Heritage-Once-Arrested-at-Plymouth-Rock, Dem Congressional Candidate Once Arrested at Plymouth Rock Protesting Thanksgiving, Dem Congressional Candidate Once Arrested at Plymouth Rock Protesting Thanksgiving, Michael Patrick Leahy 17 Oct 2012]
  9. Harvard Crimson, HMS Student Will Stand Trial in Plymouth, By Amanda H. Beck, CONTRIBUTING WRITER February 19, 1998
  10. [http://indiancountrytodaymedianetwork.com/article/california-congressional-candidate-raul-ruiz-talks-to-ictmn-about-opponent-mary-bono-mack%E2%80%99s-attack-ads-141039, Indian Country, California Congressional Candidate Raul Ruiz Talks to ICTMN About Opponent Mary Bono Mack’s Attack Ads Lynn Armitage October 22, 2012]
  11. INDIANS/Police Brawl PLYMOUTH PROTEST THANKSGIVING DAY. By Tamara Race, The Patriot Ledger, 12.2.97
  12. WW. Charges against Plymouth 25 dropped
  13. [http://www.workers.org/ww/1998/plymouth0129.php, WW, Fight for Native rights Targets of police attack return to Plymouth Rock, By Frank Neisser
  14. Gender Talk, 30th National Day of Mourning, November 25, 1999
  15. [http://www.workers.org/ww/1999/dofm1209.php. WW Native nations say 'No thanks' Special to Workers World]
  16. ["Raul Ruiz lauds Leonard Peltier in tape released by Mary Bono Mack". MyDesert. 19 October 2012. Retrieved 7 November 2012]
  17. Our Campaigns, Raul Ruiz lauds Leonard Peltier in tape released by Mary Bono Mack
  18. Ruiz, Raul. "Medicinal Herbs in Times of Low Intensity War, the Case of Chiapas, Mexico. Partners in Health, Year Unknown. Retrieved from the World Wide Web: April 19, 2002
  19. Meet the Candidates, accessed April 10, 2013
  20. Ruiz bio, accessed July 4, 2013
  21. The Press-Enterprize,By JEFF HORSEMAN | jhorseman@scng.com | The Press-Enterprise January 11, 2016 at 2:03 pm
  22. PDA June 2013 Educate Congress Digest
  23. J Street The political home for pro-Israel, pro-peace Americans
  24. PAF
  25. [1]