Hanoi Lobby

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Hanoi Lobby


The Hanoi Lobby is a more hardcore grouping within the Anti-Vietnam Movement or Anti-War Movement. It consisted of the most dedicated members of various communist groups, including the Communist Party USA , the Socialist Workers Party , and CPUSA-support groups and fronts including Women Strike for Peace . Women's International League for Peace and Freedom , Tom Hayden led groups Indochina Information Project and Indochina Peace Campaign, and their lobbying arms the Coalition to Stop Funding the War and its successor, the Coalition to End the War in Vietnam. More such groups will be listed below with some descriptions of them.

Perhaps the most comprehensive study on the Hanoi Lobby is a three volume on-line publication entitled "Comrades in Arms: How the Americong Won the War in Vietnam Against the Common Enemy - America." Written by veteran political activist, researcher and author Roger Canfield (Ph.D), it can be found at www.Americong.com. and was released to the public in March 2011. This publication is also a work-in-progress in that as additional information is found about organizations, individuals, events/activities, and the general subject of the Hanoi Lobby, they are inputted on a regular basis. Typographical errors and other questioned items are, if necessary, continually being corrected, updated, or deleted.

Hanoi Lobby Groups

Leaders of the old VFP

In 1969(?), VFP placed a full-page anti-war/Vietnam ad in the New York Times(?), CITATION date, in which it revealed that its supporting signers included a number of well-known Communist Party USA (CPUSA) members including Pete Seeger, **** and ****, all with their WW2 rank/title.

In July, 1969, at the founding of the New Mobilization Committee to End the War in Vietnam New Mobe, the direct successor to the CPUSA-dominated National Committee to End the War in Vietnam National Mobe, LeRoy Wolins took the lead regarding the subject of active duty military war protesters and how the "movement" could support them.

Wolins suggestions, as projected from the audience during the main open conference assembly, was totally supported by key leaders of the Trotskyite Socialist Workers Party SWP, in this case, led by Fred Halstead, Dan Stryon, and Peter Camejo, among others. Halstead (SWP's National Committee) is best known for his book "GI's Speak Out", and he was one of the key facilitators and peacemakers among the Mobe factions. While Wolins was appointed to head the "GI" issues section of New Mobe, it was really the SWP that provided its members.

Interestingly, the SWP had its own GI fronts, including GIs United Against the War in Vietnam, the [{GI Civil Liberties Defense Committee]] [GICLDC]], and the GI Press Service. The smaller but more violent Trotskyite faction known as the Workers World Party WWP and its youth arm, Youth Against War and Fascism YAWF, had their own fronts in the American Servicemen's Union ASU, led by Andy Stapp and the Committee for GI Rights. Stapp also wrote a book Up Against the Brass

The CPUSA had its own organizations consisting of the previously mentioned VFP Veterans for Peace in Vietnam, its publication Veterans Stars & Stripes for Peace, and the GI Defense Organization GIDO.

A later National Conference on GI Rights was held in Washington, D.C. in November 1969, and was cosponsored by:

Much more detailed information on these groups and individuals can be found the House Internal Security Committee HISC publication, "Investigations of Attempts to Subvert the United States Armed Services, Part I," hearings, Oct. 20, 21, 22, 27 & 28, 1971, 92nd Congress, First Session, including Page 6388.

People's Peace Treaty

156 Fifth Avenue, Room not given New York City, NY, 10010

This was an organization essentially created in Hanoi with the cooperation of communist/radical groups in the U.S. including the National Student Association NSA (1971), and part of the former CPUSA-controlled "New Mobilization Committee to End the War in Vietnam" which split in 1970 into the CP-faction,People's Coalition for Peace and Justice PCPJ. Members of the marxist/radical left religious movement were also signers of the PPT ad of March 7, 1971 in the New York Times as well as leftist members of Congress.

The history of the PPT can be found in the House Internal Security Committee hearings of "Hearings on the National Peace Action Coalition (NPAC) and the People's Coalition for Peace and Justice (PCPJ)", HISC, 1971, Part 3. The NYT ad of 3/07/71 will be found in the KW site entitled "People's Peace Treaty - 1971" as opposed to an imitation PPT later in the 1980s.

The complete March 7, 1971 nearly full page ad by the People's Peace Treaty (PPT) is as follows:

"People want peace so much that one of these days governments had better get out of their way and let them have it." President Dwight D. Eisenhower - August, 1959"

To fill in: PPT text Principles of the Joint Treaty of Peace Comments on PPT and appeal for money

List of Sponsors:


Congressional Testimonies As Lobbying Tactics & Strategies

One tactic that the Hanoi Lobby used somewhat successfully was to have both individuals and representatives of constituent organizations testify before various congressional committees/hearings on the war in Vietnam, Cambodia and Laos. This tactic had several facets which showed how the Hanoi Lobby developed political propaganda sophistication over the years, especially in the 1970's (even through 1997 and Cambodia).

The earliest testifying groups from the Hanoi Lobby (HL) were mainly those from the religious Left, including the Friends Committee on National Legislation (FCNL), a legally registered lobbying organization (with Congress); units of the far-left United Methodist Church; United Church of Christ; Mennonite Central Committee; and similar groups. They would later constitute the core of the Religious Left in the HL's "Coalition to Stop Funding the War" and its "Anti-Defense Lobby" successor, the "Coalition for a New Foreign and Military Policy".

As the HL got more organized, and with the help of communist/pro-communist and even liberal members of Congress, it was able to testify at many appropriation hearings on Vietnam, as well as at deliberately stacked hearings on "Human Rights In Vietnam."

Examples of Hanoi Lobby Congressional Hearings Testimonies"

(Prepared statements were also included in the text of the hearings)

Congressional Testimonies - Lists of

  • Attached to the titles of these congressional hearings are those members of the established Hanoi Lobby who testified at the cited hearings. By looking at both the legislation concerning aid to So. Vietnam and Cambodia, and their consistent lobbying over a significant period of time, one can see that the same individuals and organizations (often with cross-memberships) listed below constitute the core of the pro-Hanoi, aid cut-off movement for our allies in Southeast Asia.

[A couple hearings have not yet been listed but attempts are being made to get copies of them for inclusion below]

  • 1971:
    • "American Prisoners of War in Southeast Asia, 1971", Hearings, House Subcommittee on National Security Policy and Scientific Developments, House Foreign Affairs Committee (HFAC), 92nd Congress, 1st Session, March 23, 24, 25, 30, 31; April 1, 6, 20, 1971 (Including COLIFAM, Cora Weiss and Vietnam Veterans Against the War in Vietnam):

March 31, 1971 hearing testimonies:

After this hearing, the Jacobson phone booth operation basically was never heard from again. Jacobson later appeared as a key doctor in the far-left "consumer advocacy" organization, Center for Science in the Public Interest (CSPI).

One quote from his April 20, 1971 testimony, P. 378, is revealing: "And I tell you gentlemen, your failure at this point somewhat disarms those of us who for one reason or another are in a position to perform some small acts of humanitarian service and then to carry that humanitarian service on up to its next step and then to its next step. Because we are all smeared with the brush of American militarism, brutality, and destruction in the world".

  • Mrs. Edith Villastrigo - member, Washington Committee to Put the Prisoner of War Issue Into Perspective. She was the leader of the Washington office of the Communist Party-dominated Women Strike for Peace (WSP), and amassed a significant record of support for CPUSA fronts and causes. Villastrigo was the right-hand aide to the top WSP leader in the Hanoi Lobby, Cora Weiss[4].

Villastrigo was listed as a US delegate to the Soviet peace front known as the World Peace Council (WPC)[5].

See: S. Steven Powell, "Covert Cadre: Inside the Institute for Policy Studies", Green Hill, 1987, for a lot of information on Weiss's pro-communist activities, among other studies including "The War Called Peace" as well as her Keywiki page for many more details.

COLIFAM's ties to the CPUSA were exposed by witness Friedman, P. 296, when he revealed that a COLIFAM envelope produced by Weiss to show alleged U.S. government mail opening, bore the printing "bug", i.e. Allied Printing Traded Union local number "209", which was the printing bug of the CPUSA's print shop, Prompt Press as cited in the House Committee on Un-American Activities "The Guide to Subversive Organizations and Publications", Dec. 1961, P. 142.

Friedman would later, in the publication "The Pink Sheet on the Left" {{CITE]], 1972, further reveal COLIFAM ties to the CPUSA based on an article he found in the Los Angeles Times[6].

The article revealed that COLIFAM's trip to Hanoi to pick up American POWS was funded by Anniversary Tours, a congressionally identified CPUSA business operation cited in both HCUA and HISC publications.

April 20, 1971 hearing testimonies: (some in answer to questions raised about COLIFAM by witness Friedman and the wives of American POWs and MIAs.

    • "Legislative Proposals Relating to The War in Southeast Asia, Hearings", SFAC, (Vietnam, John Kerry, VVAW April 22, 1971), 92nd Congress, 1st Session, on "S.376, S.974, S.J. Res. 82, S.J. Res. 89, S. Con. Res. 17, S. Res. 62 and S. Res. 66, April 20, 21, 2, & 28; May 3, 11, 12, 13, 25, 26 & 27, 1971:

"I consider myself a revolutionary and socialist." (P. 230)

  • Theodore Jacqueney - former AID employee turned anti-Vietnam protester; later reversed his position based on the harshness of the Communist occupation of So. Vietnam after the end of the war
  • Don Luce - WCC - World Council of Churches, a leftist, anti-American organization of leftist Christians. Luce used them as a cover to get journalist credentials for use in So. Vietnam.
  • Michael Uhl - a public witness. Uhl identified himself as a "retired first lieutenant by virtue of my disability", P. 312 of his testimony (i.e. pulmonary tuberculosis). Served with the 11th Brigade, Americal Division. He, like Osborn, was highly critical of the Phoenix operations and related efforts against the VCI (Viet Cong Infrastructure) in the provinces. What Uhl did not tell the committee was that he was a hardcore communist sympathizer and active in the VVAW.

  • 1972:
    • "Problems of War Victims in Indochina Part III: North Vietnam", hearings before the Subcommittee to Investigate Problems Connected With Refugees and Escapees of the Committee of the Judiciary, United States Senate, 92nd Congress, Second Session, August 16 & 17, 1972"

This was a stacked hearing in that it featured far-left anti-Vietnam activists who ranged from mild leftists dupes to hardcore Hanoi supporters. They were all were visitors to Hanoi as explained in their testimonies:

Subcommittee chairman Sen. Ted Kennedy said the following when introducing Ramsey Clark before the hearing:

"We want to extend a warm welcome to you, Mr. Clark. Your visit to North Vietnam follows in the tradition of other Americans who have visited the north, going back to Harrison Salisbury in 1967; Tony Lewis aka Anthony Lewis of the New York Times (NYT); Joe Kraft; George Wald, a Nobel Prize winner; and a number of other distinguished labor leaders and clergymen who have visited the north and have taken the opportunity to inform the Congress about their impressions. We want to extend a warm word of welcome to you."

Salisbury was a very soft on communism dupe writer (NYT); Lewis was a far-left, Hanoi propaganda spouting columnists for the NYT (i.e. the false reporting that ships had successfully run the US blockade of the port of Haiphong; Joe Kraft, a liberal columnist who was relatively easy to dupe; George Wald, a hardcore communist sympathizer for Hanoi, the red guerrillas of Latin America, to the Anti-Defense Lobby organizations, and nearly every other communist/Marxist movement against the US for decades.

For a list of these other Hanoi visitors, see the site at KW on "Hanoi/North Vietnam Visitors During The War".

  • While technically not lobbying hearings on Vietnam and Cambodia, there were three directly related studies and hearings on the topic of "The Human Cost of Communism in Vietnam" between 1972 and 1973, which included one key member of the Hanoi Lobby. Therefore they are listed here as an interim type lobbying-related subject.
    • "The Human Cost of Communism in Vietnam", Senate Internal Security Subcommittee (SISS), Compendium Study, February, 1972
    • "The Human Cost of Communism in Vietnam - II, The Myth of No Bloodbath, (Testimony of Daniel Teodoru"), Hearing, SISS, 93rd Congress, 1st Session, January 5, 1973

  • 1973:
    • "Foreign Assistance Act of 1973", Hearings, Senate Foreign Relations Committee (SFRC), 93rd Congress, 1st Session, on S. 837 to Amend the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961, and for Other Purposes, February 22, 1973:

with John W. Lewis, Dial Press, softback publisher Delta, 1967. Considered one of the "bibles" of the anti-Vietnam movement, it almost completely ignored Hanoi's bloody repression of its' own people during forced "Land Reform" programs in the mid-1950's. He was a teacher of Gary Porter who wrote the infamous coverup report about this period, i.e. "The Myth of the Bloodbath", 1972. Also a Hanoi visitor.

According to veteran Asian journalist Sol Sanders, Kahin was a leftist in Indonesia when they were there in 1955, and Kahin reportedly hired a Chinese (Red) operative to run the Asian library at Cornell.

  • 1974:
    • "Foreign Assistance and Related Programs Appropriations", Hearings, Senate Committee on Appropriations, Feb. 25 thru July 24, 1974 (individual days), with "Non Department (i.e. State Dept) Witnesses", May 25, 1974, 93rd Congress 2nd Session.

Hanoi Lobby and Maoist Philippine guerrilla supporters included:

[KW: The reason the Democrats on this Subcommittee were listed is because this hearing was an unparalled example of how the Hanoi Lobby was able to completely stack the "List of Witnesses" without an opposing, pro-Vietnam witness on it. There were a number of qualified government officials from AID Agency for International Development, State Department, and Rep. Phil Crane (R-Ill) who would be able to bring to the hearing first hand, on-site information about political prisoners in So. Vietnam and the Philippines, but they were not invited.

Rep. Leo J. Ryan (D-CA), was one of the most leftist members of Congress in 1974, and was killed by members of the Rev. Jim Jones' Peoples Temple security force when Ryan, several other congressmen, far-left attorneys (including Mark Lane Vietnam atrocity book hoaxer and longtime CPUSA front supporter, and Charles R. Gary (id. CPUSA member), staffers, and journalists were shot at in an attempt to keep them away from the people who lived there (in Guyana).

Rep. Nix and Riegle were extremely anti-Vietnam.

    • "Foreign Assistance Authorization - 1974", Hearings, Senate Foreign Relations Committee, on S. 3394 To Amend the Foreign Assistance Act of 1961 and for Other Purposes, June 7, 23, 26; July 24 & 25, 1974, 93rd Congress, 2nd Session:
  • Guy Gran - research associate, Indochina Resource Center, IRC, accompanied by
  • Fred Branfman - codirector, IRC
  • Russell Johnson - Friends Committee on National Legislation, FCNL
  • Dr. (Rev.) George Webber - president, New York Theological Seminary (NYTS), "Exchange of correspondence between Ambassador Graham Martin and Dr. George Webber, president of NYTS. Webber is included here because he was one of the top five 1970's religious leaders of the Hanoi Lobby.
  • Trudie Mercer - statement of, on behalf of Women's International League for Peace and Freedom (WILPF). In the late 1960's and all through the 1970's, WILPF was heavily influenced, if not dominated by members of the Communist Party USA (CPUSA) and documented sympathizers. CPUSA members often controlled key regional/city chapters of this organization as well as being on its governing body. A number of them made trips of support to Hanoi during the war. See James Clinton's book, "The Loyal Opposition: Americans in North Vietnam, 1965-1972" for the names and affiliations of these travelers, including those from WILPF.

    • "Fiscal Year 1975 Foreign Assistance Request", Hearings, House Foreign Affairs Committee, 93rd Congress, 2nd Session, on the President's Foreign Assistance Request (House Document 93-203), June 4, 5, 11, 12,13, 18, 19, 20 & 26; July 1, 2, 10 & 11, 1974.

  • 1975:
    • "Supplemental Assistance to Cambodia", Hearings, SFRC, Subcommitee on Foreign Assistance and Economic Policy, 94th Congress, 1st Session, on S. 663 to Provide Additional Military Assistance Authorizations for Cambodia for the Fiscal Year 1975, and for Other Purposes, February 24 and March 6, 1975
  • "Emergency Military Assistance and Economic and Humanitarian Aid to South Vietnam", Fiscal Year 1975, Senate hearings before the Senate Committe on Appropriations, 94th Congress, 1st Session, April 15, 1975. The only statement from a person who was not a U.S. Senator was that from Secretary of State Henry A. Kissinger and several State Department officials of high rank. There were no public witnesses nor statements included in this short publication.
  • 1975-1976:
    • "The Vietnam-Cambodia Emergency, 1975", Hearings, House Committee on International Relations (HIRC) and its Special Subcommittee on Investigations, 94th Congress, March 6, 11, 12,13; April 9, 14, 15, 16, 18; May 7, 8, 1975; January 27 and May 5, 1976 including the Testimony of Ambassador Graham A. Martin (Vietnam) and John Gunther Dean (Cambodia)

  • 1977:
    • "Human Rights in Vietnam", Hearings, House International Relations Committee, Subcommittee on International Organizations, 95th Congress, 1st Session, June 16, 21 and July 26, 1977. [While technically not a lobbying hearing on Vietnam, nevertheless some materials by the Hanoi Lobby, esp. the Indochina Resource Center (IRC), were put into the record, and were actually part of their continuing anti-South Vietnam lobbying and disinformation campaign that formed their pro-Hanoi lobbying efforts during the war].

"His articles on foreign and military affairs have appeared in Christian Century (KW:a very far-left Christian magazine)';The Nation (KW: an even further Left magazine then run by identified Communist Party USA (CPUSA) organizer Carey McWilliams); The Progressive {KW: a leftist magazine that featured all kinds of liberal, socialist and marxist/communist writers, led by Irwin Knoll); Fellowship (KW: apparently the publication of the small, so-called pacifist group known as the Fellowship of Reconciliation (FOR), one of whose leaders, Ron Young, was an avowed Viet Cong supporter); and elsewhere. His essay on "Vietnam and the Press" is based on extensive research of published and unpublished materials and will appear in slightly difference form in The Progressive." (P. 211 of the hearing).

    • "Human rights in Cambodia", Hearings, Subcommittee on International Organizations, House International Relations Committee, May 3, 1977

An unofficial "hearing" was held by leftist congressmen and women entitled "Resolving the Unfinished Business of the War", "Testimony before Members of Congress, their aides and the public, February 9, 1977", sponsored by:

The full text of this "hearing" was put into the Congressional Records (CR) of March 29, 1977, pp. S 5067-S 5073.

Those who participated in this event and were quoted or mentioned in the CR text were:


There was one book on Vietnam that looked at the issue of the war through the actions of Congress, "Betrayal in Vietnam", by Prof. Louis A. Fanning, St. John's University, New York, (a former military intelligence analyst), published by Arlington House, 1976.

Another similar book is expected to come out in either 2015 or 2016 by noted Vietnam researcher/author Jay Veith, "Black April", 2013.

Hanoi Lobby Post War Period

The Hanoi Lobby did not totally breakup after the end of the Indochina Wars in 1975. Instead they morphed into post-war lobbying and propaganda operations with such names as "Friends of Indochina" or Friends of Vietnam, Campaign for a Democratic Foreign Policy, the various Reconciliation organizations, i.e. Reconciliation with Vietnam, the Southeast Asian Resource Center, Agent Orange front organizations for Hanoi or by US sympathizers including the existing Citizen Soldiers, U.S. Committee on Scientific Cooperation with Vietnam, the openly pro-Hanoi "U.S.-Vietnam Friendship Association" (of Southern California), and the Indochina Project, Center for International Policy" (CIP) and the American Friends Service Committee, Vietnam Program (AFSC), among others which will be added here over time.

Among the most pro-Hanoi operations of the post-war period are the "Reconciliation" programs, led by veteran Hanoi Lobby activists and operatives. One such coalition held a "Reconciliation with Vietnam Conference on May 1, 1982.

Reconciliation with Vietnam Conference 1982

A nearly half page ad in the maoist-oriented American weekly newspaper, the Guardian, of April 28, 1982, pg. 21, announced the following:

"Reconciliation with Vietnam Conference", Saturday, May 1, 1982, 9:00 Am - 5:00 PM, Princeton University, Woodrow Wilson School Auditorium, Washington, Road, Princeton, N.J."

9:00 am: Keynote address:

  • Dave Dellinger - one of the deans of the Hanoi Lobby and admitted small "c" communist with a list of support activities for Hanoi and communist fronts and causes that puts him in the top ten members/leaders of the support Hanoi movement

10:00 am: "Vietnam Today: The political, economic, and social situation":

11:00 am: "Agent Orange: A Common Problem":

12:00 pm: "Legal & Legistlative Obstacles to Reconciliation":

Falk was also a key player in the Communist Party USA (CPUSA) infested, if not dominated Lawyer's Committee on American Policy Towards Vietnam[9].

1:00 pm: Lunch

Conferences on the Vietnam/Indochina War featuring Leftist Historians

One major tactic of historical manipulation concerns how the academic/journalist Left is attempting to preempt and control how the war in Indochina is written in history and academic books. A tactic of either sponsoring or attempting to dominant conferences on the Vietnam War (Cambodia and Laos are treated as sideshows to Vietnam instead of being very important support base/staging areas for Hanoi's invading armies in all three countries). This is becoming more apparent as new reports on such conferences are found and how the Left attempts to dominate them with themes that the war was immoral, not in America's interest, was imperialist re a new American Empire, and that the Communists were the good guys, not invading, mass-murdering totalitarians.

Examples of these conferences will be added over time as they become available. Meanwhile a small sampling will begin to provide evidence of this Leftist assault on both truthful and contextual history.

"At the 2006 AHA annual meeting in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, two more Center (i.e. National History Center) sessions provided topics for additional volumes (published by Oxford University Press "that demonstrate the way in which the interpretation of specific historical events evolves over time").

The NHC Newsletter article was entitled "Reinterpreting History: How Historical Assessments Change Over Time."

More than fifty attendees enjoyed a dynamic discussion with an international perspective on the legacy of Vietnam."

Source: "National History Center Newsletter", undated page but in 2006 before June 12, 2006. P. 7

Out of those named for this session, Young, a Maoist-oriented professor at NYU; Gareth Porter, infamous for his propaganda efforts on covering up North Vietnam's bloody repression in its' own country as well as in South Vietnam, Laos, and Cambodia, especially the 1968 Tet Offensive Hue Massacre of at least 8,000 South Vietnamese military and civilian personnel as well as families on various "blood-debt" lists; and Sophie Quinn-Judge, a veteran of civilian humanitarian aid efforts in So. Vietnam but who has been more sympathetic to the Viet Cong and North Vietnamese forces and government than to the government of the Republic of Vietnam, i.e. So. Vietnam.

"The Vietnam War Then and Now: Assessing the Critical Lessons"

From April 29 - May 1, 2015, a virtual "Hanoi Lovefest" was held in Washington, D.C., known as "The Vietnam War Then and Now: Assessing the Critical Lessons", sponsored jointly by the pacifist Kroc Institute/Center *** of Notre Dame University, led by old Hanoi-lobbyist David Cortright and the NYU-DC Academic Center New York University (NYU), influenced behind the scenes by old Maoist Marilyn Young (NYU). Another behind-the-scenes organizer/participant was one of Hanoi's top supporters during and after the Indochina War (So. Vietnam, Laos, Cambodia), Tom Hayden.

Its' purpose was allegedly to "assess" what happened back then and what lessons could be applied for today, i.e. Iraq and Afghanistan. However, the majority of the panelists were not "objective" historians but avowed members of the Hanoi Lobby which they called the "Anti-War Movement" (AWM) or the "Anti-Vietnam Movement" (AVM). Questions which challenged their presentations/assertions/"truths", from the audience, were either sluffed off, diverted to some other issue, or not answered at all.

From the Conference brochure comes their own stated purpose of the conference:

"The Vietnam War Then and Now: Assessing the Critical Lessons"

The 40th Anniversary of the ending of the Vietnam War and 50th Anniversary of the major U.S. escalation and first anti-war protests provide an appropriate occasion for reflecting upon the history of the war and examining its critical lessons. The U.S. Department of Defense is sponsoring an official Vietnam War Commemoration to honor veterans of the war and highlight the service of the armed forces, while also paying tribute to the contributions of people on the home front during that long and difficult period of American history. It is appropriate to honor those who served, but it is also necessary to learn the lessons of the war.

This conference on "Assessing the Critical Lessons" will examine these themes:

  • Was the war just?
  • War or Revolution?
  • A winnable war?
  • The misconduct of war and impacts in Vietnam
  • Diplomacy
  • Lessons for U.S. foreign policy
  • The anti-war movement

This conference will address these and related questions through a systematic assessment of the decisions that led to the war and the ways in which the war was fought.

Thank you for joining us.

David Cortright, Associate Director of Programs and Policy Studies, Kroc Institute for International Peace Studies University of Notre Dame

The Kroc Institute wishes to thank the Carnegie Corporation of New York and New York University's Global Research Initiatives with the Office of the Provost and the Department of History, NYU for generous support of this conference.

NYU, Washington, D.C." (End of inside page of conference agenda brochure

The complete list of the conference's leaders and participants/panelists, plus the names of some old Hanoi-fans spotted in the audience or who introduced themselves to the conference by their names, follows below.

Conference Agenda: Wednesday, April 29, 2015: 4:30 PM Panel one: "Was the War Just"?



Thursday, April 30:

8:00 AM Breakfast

9:00 AM PANEL TWO: "War or Revolution"?

      "Did the Vietnamese conflict represent a national revolution (and civil war) or an instance of foreign aggression"?

10:30 AM Break

11:am PANEL THREE: "A Winnable War"?

      "Was the war lost because of poor leadership or was it unwinnable"?

1 p.m. Lunch

2 p.m. PANEL FOUR (Roundtable): "The Misconduct of the War and Impacts in Vietnam"

    "What was the impact of the war on the Vietnamese people, South and North, and on American service members"?
  • Jessica Chapman - Williams College - a fawning younger leftist professor regarding the Vietnam war
  • Nick Turse - Nation Institute - viewed as a totally unqualified, anti-American, "war crimes" of America in Vietnam promoter in a similar vein to that of totally discredited author Mark Lane in his fraudulent book, "Conversations With Americans, 1970. Lane's book was thorough discredited by liberal Vietnam journalist Neil Sheehan, including the fact that many interviewees never served in Vietnam, or if they did, were not in combat units.
  • Susan Hammond - War Legacies Project
  • John Ketwig - author of "and a Hard Rain Fell: A GI's True Story of the War in Vietnam". He has been criticized as not having been a combat veteran per se, but as serving in a motor pool. His ranting statements during some of the Q & A sessions revealed him to be a hardcore leftist and of questionable mental stability. He even upset some liberal/leftist members of the audience with his statements (as observed/heard by conference attendee Max Friedman, a former Vietnam/Cambodia journalist, who sat near him during one tirade).

Friday, May 1:

7:30 a.m. Breakfast

8:30 a.m. PANEL FIVE: Diplomacy

     "What opportunities existed to negotiate an earlier end of the war, and how were these affected by political interests
     in Washington, Hanoi and Saigon"?

10:30 a.m. Break

11:00 a.m. PANEL SIX: Lessons for U.S. Foreign Policy

     "What were the critical lessons of the war? How do these lessons apply to current U.S. foreign policy"?
  • Andrew Bacevich - Boston University - Vietnam combat veteran; respected liberal professor. Takes a hard position on the U.S. effects in Vietnam (and subsequently in Iraq and Afghanistan. He lost his soldier son in Iraq)
  • Phyllis Bennis - Institute for Policy Studies(IPS). One of the most hardcore Marxists in attendance. Bennis was involved in a pro-Hanoi organization during the war and has been on the Marxist left on foreign affairs, especially against Israel, for decades. Also a writer for the Maoist-oriented "Frontline" newspaper, among others
  • Carolyn Eisenberg - Hofstra University- leftist

1 p.m. Lunch

2 p.m. PANEL SEVEN (Roundtable): "The Anti-War Movement"

     "What were the impacts of the anti-war movement"?
 Respondents (Added after the initial program was published)
  • Cora Weiss - no identification. One of Hanoi's top assets in the U.S. A key member of the Communist Party USA (CPUSA) influenced, if not created and dominated hard-left "peace" organization, "Women's Strike for Peace" (WSP), which was cofounded by WSP leader/CPUSA founder Pauline Rosen. Weiss' father was a CPUSA "elector" in the 1936 elections and possibly in those of 1940's; a blockade runner for the leftists in the Spanish Civil War; eventually the head of Fabrege' cosmetics; created the Samuel Rubin Foundation of which Cora Weiss and her husband Peter (as in attendance) are board members. A key leader of the various "Mobilization Committees to End the War in Vietnam" and its successor, the CPUSA-dominated Peoples Coalition for Peace and Justice. A leader of the literal POW families extortion group Committee of Liaison with Families of U.S. Servicemen Detained in SE Asia (COLIFAM). Supporter of numerous CPUSA and Trotskyite Socialist Workers Party (SWP) fronts and causes.
  • David Cortright - Cortright, a hardcore leftist, is best described as the "Mr. Slick" of the organized protests movements, posing as a pacifist all the while supporting the communist dictatorships in North Vietnam, and the communist military and political forces in Laos and Cambodia. Specialized in protests in the military and wrote a book about it, "Soldiers in Revolt: GI Resistance During the Vietnam War", 2005, 2nd ed.


  • Andrew Bacevich is Professor Emeritus of International Relations and History at Boston University. He received his PhD from Princeton University and previously taught at West Point Military Academy and Johns Hopkins University. He was a commissioned officer in the U.S. Army and served as a platoon leader in Vietnam in 1970-71. He is the author of "Washington Rules: America's Path to Permanent War" (2010) and "The Long War: A New History of US National Security Policy since World War II" (2007).
  • Phyllis Bennis is a Fellow at the Institute for Policy Studies (IPS) and the director of the New Internationalism Project at the Institute. She has been a writer, analyst, and activist on Middle East and UN issues for many years and has served as an informal adviser to several UN officials on Middle East and democratization issues. She is the author of "Challenging Empire: How People, Governments and the UN Defy US Power" (2006) and "Before and After: US Foreign Policy and the September 11th Crisis" (2003).
  • David Cortright is Associate Director of Programs and Policy Studies at the Krock Institute for International Peace Studies (Kroc Institute) at the University of Notre Dame. He received his PhD from Union Graduate School. As an enlisted soldier during the Vietnam War, he spoke out against that conflict. He is the author of "Ending Obama's War" (2011), "Towards Nuclear Zero" (2010), and "Soldiers in Revolt: GI Resistance During the Vietnam War" (2005, 2nd ed).
  • Col. Gregory Daddis is Academy Professor of History at the United States Military Academy, West Point. A colonel in the US Army, he is a veteran of both Operations Desert Storm and Iraqi Freedom. He received his PhD from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. He is the author of "Westmoreland's War: Reassessing American Strategy in Vietnam" (2014) and "No Sure Victory: Measuring U.S. Army Effectiveness and Progress in the Vietnam War" (2011).
  • Carolyn Rusti Eisenberg is Professor of US Foreign Policy and History at Hofstra University. She is co-founder of Brooklyn for Peace and since 2004 has been a legislative coordinator for United for Peace and Justice (UPJ). She is the author of a prize-winning book, "Drawing the Line: The American Decision to Divide Germany" (1998) and is presently completing a book, "Never Lose: Nixon, Kissinger and the Illusion of National Security".
  • David Elliott is Professor Emeritus of the Politics Department at Pomona College. He received his PhD from Cornell University. He lived in Vietnam during his service in the U.S. Army and his management of the "Viet Cong Motivation and Morale Study" with the Rand Corporation. He is the author of "Changing Worlds: Vietnam's Transition from Cold War to Globalization" (2014) and "The Vietnamese War: Revolution and Social Change in the Mekong Delta", 1930-1975" (2006).
  • Mai Elliott is author of "The Sacred Willow: Four Generations in the Life of a Vietnamese Family" (1999), which was nominated for a Pulitzer Prize and was a finalist for the Asian-American literary award. Born and raised in Vietnam, she worked for the Rand Corporation interviewing Viet Cong prisoners of war and defectors for a research project to determine the morale and motivation of the guerrillas during the Vietnam War.
  • Susan Hammond is the Executive Director of War Legacies Project. She is a leading expert on Agent Orange/dioxin in the United States and has devoted her career to raising awareness about the legacy of Agent Orange. Through her organization she identified Vietnamese families most in need and helps improve their lives through education, home construction, healthcare and other services.
  • James Hershberg is Associate Professor of History and International Affairs at the Elliot School of International Affairs at The George Washington University. He received his PhD from Tufts University, and he previously taught at Tufts and the California Institute of Technology. He is the author of "Marigold" The Lost Chance for Peace in Vietnam" (2012) and contributed chapters to "The Cambridge History of the Cold War" (2010) and "Behind the Bamboo Curtain: China, Vietnam, and the Cold War" (2006).
  • Elizabeth Holtzman is co-chair of Government Relations at Herrick, Feinstein LLP. She was the youngest woman ever elected to Congress and served for eight years in the U.S. House of Representatives. In 1973 she joined with four Air Force officers, including 3 B-52 pilots, in a Federal Court law suit seeking an injunction against the U.S. bombing of Cambodia. Holtzman was a member of the House Judiciary Committee and gained national attention for her role during the Committee's Watergate hearings.
  • David Huntis Professor of History at the University of Massachusetts-Boston. He received his PhD from Harvard University. He is author of "Vietnam's Southern Revolution: From Peasant Insurrection to Total War" (2008), "Villagers at War: The National Liberation Front in My Tho Province, 1965-1967" (1974) and editor of "The American War in Vietnam" 1993.

Additional Hanoi supporters in the audience:



  1. Internal Security Subcommittee of the Senate Judiciary Committee, Handbook for Americans, S. Doc. 117, April 23, 1956, p. 96 as cited in The Guide to Subversive Organizations, 1961, p. 165
  2. Hearings Regarding H.R. 16742: Restraints on Travel to Hostile Areas, House Internal Security Committee (HISC), Sept. 19 & 25, 1972
  3. New Mobilization Committee to End the War in Vietnam, Part 2, Hearings, HISC, April???, 1970, P. and Title.
  4. Personal observation of reporter/hearing witness Max P. Friedman at these hearings in April, 1971
  5. World Peace Council, List of Members, 1977-1980 - Villastrigo - Legislative Representative, WSP, P. 143
  6. Los Angeles Times, AP, "Two POW Kin, Group Leave for N. Vietnam", Sept. 14, 1972
  7. "Subversion of Law Enforcement Intelligence Gathering Operations", Hearings, SISS, Sen. Judiciary Committee, 94th Congress, 2nd Session, Part 1, "Organizing Committee for a Fifth Estate", March 26, 1976, P. 18 and listed as a member of the OC5's "Advisory Board", undated letterhead, post 1972, possibly about 1974/75, P. 43
  8. Terrorism, A Staff Study, House Internal Security Committee (HISC), Aug. 1,1974, pp. 73-75, particularly P. 75 (including Ftnt 24)
  9. "Subversive Involvement in the Origin, Leadership, and Activities of the New Mobilization Committee to End the War in Vietnam and Its Predecessor Organizations", Staff Study, House Internal Security Committee (HISC), 1970, pp. 22. 28, & 47, which provide the names of CPUSA members and supporters on the Lawyer's Committee and in the Hanoi Lobby' "Mobes" organizations