Young Workers Liberation League
Template:TOCnestleft The Young Workers Liberation League is the former name of the youth arm of the Communist Party USA. It was formed Feb. 7-9, 1970 in Chicago, as the successor to the CPUSA's earlier youth front, the WEB DuBois Clubs of America . Many of the YWLL officials and members were the same as those in the DuBois Clubs. The whole history of these groups can be found in a major House Internal Security Committee report from 1974
The official publication of the YWLL was "Young Worker", published on both a monthly and bi-monthly basis, starting in the mid-1970's.
YWLL Third National Convention, Philadelphia, Dec. 13-14, 1974
From the "Daily World" of December 14, 1974, in an article entitled "Many notables greet YWLL convention", the cream of the CPUSA and its supporters were listed as "signers" of a "statement of solidarity" with the CPUSA's youth group.
"Several dozen progressive union, community, religious and political leaders have sent a statement of solidarity to the Third National Convention of the Young Workers Liberation LeagueYWLL which opens here (Philadelphia) tonight."
"The statement expresses good wishes for the success of the convention and supports the League's right to "invite and receive international guests of their choosing without State Department restrictions and to conduct their convention of government harassment and interference (sic)."
""The overwhelming majority of youth seek a path of struggle out of the crisis," the statement says, and expresses confidence that the convention will "help chart new directions which can make the mid-70's a period of new dramatic youth upsurges"."
Among the signers of the statement are:
- George Edwards - leader of the National Steelworkers Rank and File Committee - id. CPUSA member
- Juan Chacon - Local 890, United Steel Workers of America
- Paul Schreiber - Local 76, United Furniture Workers of America
- Louis Dinnerstein - vice-president, District 1199, Retiree Division, id. CPUSA member
- Charles March - United Farm Workers in New Jersey
- Anthony Cascone - USWA, N.J.
- Morris Davis - secretary, Painters Rank and File, NY, id. CPUSA member
- Rev. David A. Garcia - St. Mark's Church on the Bowery, NYC
- Father Bill Hogan - Clergy and Laity Concerned and Association of Chicago Priests, later became an open member of the CPUSA, Chicago
- Rev. F.D. Kirkpatrick - Deacons for Defense and Justice and longtime CPUSA supporter
- Francis H. Touchet - vestryman, St. Peter's Episcopal Church, Lay Reader, Diocese of New York
- Carlton Goodlett MD - publisher, Sun-Reporter newspaper, San Francisco, id. CPUSA member
- Robbylee Terry - editor, Second City, Chicago (and possibly id. CPUSA or YWLL - See Pink Sheet on the Left, Issue # )
- Esther Jackson - editor, Freedomways magazine, open CPUSA member; wife of CPUSA leader James E. Jackson
- Stanley Faulkner - attorney, National Lawyers Guild NLG, World Peace Council WPC member
- Prof. Howard Parsons - University of Bridgeport, longtime CPUSA supporter and writer for their theoretical journal "Political Affairs"
- Prof. Dirk Struik - open member of the CPUSA (MIT)
- Prof. Gaylord LeRoy - Temple University, open member of the CPUSA
- Prof. John Pappademos - University of Illinois at Chicago Circle - covert member of the CPUSA, Then became an open member Chicago
- Clare E. Benford - attorney, Chicago
- Charles Burroughs - curator, DuSable Museum of African American History DuSable Museum - longtime CPUSA supporter (Chicago)
- Russell Leedy - president, Asbury Park Education Association
- Joan Elbert - Maywood Commission on Human Rights (Chicago), misspelled as "Hoan" Elbert
- Maria Elena Gaitan-Diaz - chairperson, Comite Nacional de Mujeres Latinas in California
- Arturo Rivera - Federacion Universitaria Socialista Puertorriquena
- Austin Winthers - Chicago Committee to Save Lives in Chile Chicago, one of several marxist/CPUSA Chile fronts
- Ruth Shriman - teacher, Chicago, Teachers Committee for Peace Chicago Federation of Teachers
- Doris Ponsolle - Brooklyn coordinator, Women Strike for Peace WSP, wrote letters to the CP's papers, "Daily World" and successors, including the Daily World, May 28, 1983, p. 6, "Monopoly Danger", Doris Ponsolle, Brookly, NY.
- Ethel Taylor - Women Strike for PeaceWSP, Philadelphia, and key member of the Hanoi Lobby and Hanoi visitor
- Dorothy M. Hayes - Women's International League for Peace and Freedom WILPF, Chicago and id. CPUSA member, also a leader of the Hanoi Lobby
- A. A. Rayner, Jr. - commander, Vets for Peace Veterans for Peace, VFP, a cited CPUSA front, (Chicago)
- Sarah Staggs - Venceremos Brigade , and later an open member of the CPUSA, also Chicago Peace Council CPC leader
- Tyrone Brooks - Southern Christian Leadership Conference SCLC, Atlanta, and supporter of CPUSA fronts
- Carl Braden - Southern Institute for Propaganda and Organizing SIPO, a CPUSA front created by Braden (id. CPUSA) and his wife, Anne, id. CPUSA
- Anne Braden - Southern Institute for Propaganda and Organizing SIPO, a CPUSA front created by Braden and her husband, Carl Braden, both identified members of the CPUSA, and key leaders in the South
- Sylvia Woods - Chicago Committee Against Racist and Political Repression NAARPR, Chicago chapter of, id. CPUSA member
- Angela Davis - National Alliance Against Racist and Political Repression NAARPR, a CPUSA front, open CPUSA leader
Identified Members of the YWLL
Founding Convention YWLL Officials and Members, Feb. 7-9, 1970: The HISC Staff Study, April 1974
- Mike Zagarell - Executive Staff, YWLL, Youth Secretary of the CPUSA, YWLL Educational Secretary
- Jarvis Tyner - CPUSA National Committee member, YWLL National Chairman
- Carolyn Black - CPUSA member, YWLL Black Liberation Secretary
- Barry Cohen - YWLL Organizational Secretary
- Daily World, February 8, 1972, P. 4, "U.S. youths will help build school in Cuba" (Havana)
Four American youths, including three members of the Young Workers Liberation League and one member of the Venceremos Brigade, have arrived in Cuba to join an International Youth Brigade in building a model school in Cuba." ...
"The youths from the U.S include
- James Bland - 22, an unemployed Black worker from the Boston YWLL who worked on the Patricia Bonner-Lyons school committee election campaign,
- Rachel Lima - 20, a founding member of the YWLL and active in the Committee to Free Angela Davis (KW: Most likely the daughter of CPUSA regional leader Mickey Lima)
- Toni Shaw - 24, a nurse formerly active with Father Groppi (i.e. James Groppi, and the NAACP Youth Council in Milwaukee during the open housing struggles and at present a member of the YWLL active in the People's Coalition for Peace and Justice PCPJ and the Committee to Free Angela Davis, and
- Miriam Ching - a participant in the Vencermos Brigade. A Marian Ching from Oakland, California shows up on the passenger manifest list of members of the First Venceremos Brigade
- Daily World March ?, 1976, "West Coast Youth Sing Out..." by Keta Miranda (some of the article is missing)
- Jay Schaffner - YWLL
- John Hicks - YWLL
- Angela Davis - Co-Chairperson of the National Alliance Against Racist and Political RepressionNAARPR a CPUSA front
- Ken Fujimoto - chairman, L.A. Farmworkers Boycott Committee
- Eugene Hernandez - La Raza Unida Party La Raza
- Phillip Allen - "a Black youth framed on charges of murdering a police officer"
- Perry Parks - Field Director for and representative of Representative Yvonne Braithwaite Burke D-CA
- Evelina Alarcon Cruz - Evelina Alarcon - director of the Instituto del Pueblo, a CPUSA front. Id. and then later open leader of the CPUSA, and YWLL. Sister of a later L.A. City Council member, Ricardo Alarcon, indicted in 2010 for criminal acts.
From: Daily World, May 6, 1976, Page 14, Center for Marxist Education, 156 S. Avenue, Suite 300, NYC, on May 12, 1976, "Culture & Lunch. Topic: "A Program for Youth", presented by Jill Furillo, member, Central Committee, YWLL; Editor, Young Worker
From the same issue, same page of the DW, an announcement for Philadelphia, for May 16, 1976, "WW II Years, Post-War Period - Its Relevance to Youth Today", Daniel Spector, YWLL, Assistant Editor, Jewish Affairs, participant convention of Jewish Students Network. To be held at the YWCA, 2027 Chestnut St. Sponsor: Progressive Cultural Club of Philadelphia - a CPUSA front for their Jewish members, often operating under the generic name of Cultural Club of named city, esp. Miami.
Identified Members of the YWLL, SACB Report/Order Jan. 15, 1973
The Subversive Activities Control Board held hearings into the Communist Party creation and dominance of the YWLL, issuing a published report under the title of "Subversive Activities Board, Docket No. 129-71, Attorney General of the United States, Petitioner v. Young Workers Liberation League, Respondent, Oran H. Waterman and Robert A. Crandall for petitioner. John Abt and Abraham Unger for respondent. Report and Order of the Board, Decided January 15, 1973"
Those named as leaders and/or members of the YWLL during the course of the investigation/hearings (biographical information on each person was also included in this listing (pp. 73-83 of report, pages 281-291 of the HISC hearing reproduction of the SACB Report).
- Jarvis Tyner - National Chairman since its founding (former leading member of the W.E. B. DuBois Clubs of America) and CPUSA
- Roque Ristorucci - Co-chairman, YWLL, CPUSA
- Mike Zagarell - Director of Education, Educational Secretary, Educational Secretary, and National Education Director, and CPUSA; Youth Director, YWLL. 1968 Party candidate for Vice President of the U.S.
- Carolyn Black - National Black Liberation Secretary, and CPUSA
- Judy Edelman - Director of Labor, National Labor Secretary and Labor Secretary, and CPUSA
- Barry Cohen - Organization or Organizational Secretary, and CPUSA
- Tony Monteiro aka Anthony Monteiro - "leader" and CPUSA (Hanoi visitor)
- Jay Schaffner - "leader" and CPUSA (Hanoi visitor)
- Marc Beallor - New York Section, YWLL, Organizational Secretary and CPUSA
- Donna Ristorucci - State Director of Education and Educational Secretary, New York Section, and CPUSA
- Julie Bortz - Pittsburgh YWLL, Western District of the CP. YWLL District/Section Chairman, wife of Ed Bortz
- Ed Bortz - YWLL Educational Director; Western District of the Western Pennsylvania District, CPUSA
- Jim Ferlo - High School Director, YWLL; Western Pennsylvania District, CPUSA
- Leo S. Jackson - CPUSA Trade Union Director, Western Pennsylvania District of the CPUSA: Expelled from the Party before the YWLL was formed. Cooperating government witness.
Other individuals identified/mentioned in this report worthy of note:
- Frances Bordofsky - Organizational Secretary of the New York State District, CPUSA
- Beth Edelman - Western Pennsylvania District of the CPUSA, CPUSA National Committee, 1969
- Carl Edelman - New York State CP; CPUSA
- Judy Edelman - Joined the CPUSA in 1968
- Robert Heisler - CPUSA, National Committee, 1969 (Former WEB DuBois Club leader)
- Ken Newcomb - Press Committee, NY State District of the CP; and CPUSA member
- Pettis Perry - "was a leading member of the Communist Party"
- Ted Reich - CPUSA
- Daniel Rubin - CPUSA, National Committee
- Jose Stevens - leader of the Harlem Concentration Club of the CP, National Committee 1969.
- Rasheed Storey - Chairman of the N Y State District of the CP, 1971
Government undercover informants, including at least one who was a CPUSA member, were:
- Williams Adams - (Schenectady, NY)observer at Party affairs but not a member
- Gerard Connolly - (New York City, NY), YWLL, and HISC operative
- Charles Fitzpatrick - (Bronx, NY), YWLL and CPUSA. FBI operative
- Leo S. Jackson Sr. - (Pittsburgh, PA), CPUSA. FBI operative
- Arthur Mendez, Jr. - (Bronx, NY), pre-YWLL observer. FBI operative
YWLL Chapters Across the US
"The Ohio section of the Young Workers Liberation League decided at its section committee meeting this past Saturday to double its quota of youth to attend the People's Bicentennial Festival in Chicago on June 29." With Jay Schaffner, national educational director of the YWLL in attendance, lively discussion centered on how to build for the Festival." . . .
- Rev. Fred Shuttlesworth - a national leader of the Southern Christian Leadership Conference SCLC of the later Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr., he has amassed a significant record of participation in CPUSA fronts and causes, including SCEF, the Mobes Spring Mobilization to End the War in Vietnam.
New York YWLL Source: Daily World, December 12, 1978, "Dance to follow Robeson Salute"
- Galo Contreras - "organizational secretary of the (New York YWLL), ..." "THe New York Young Workers Liberation League will be giving a disco-dance, at 235 West 23 Street, 2nd Floor, following the Youth Salute to Paul Robeson Concert."
(Phone NY-YWLL: 924-1972)
New Jersey YWLL
Source: "Daily World", Wed. June 15, 1977, P. 12, "Senatorial candidate hits unfair utility rates", Newark, NJ. Charles Cascone "Cascone is an auto worker, was active in the civil rights and anti-war movements, and is a founding member of the Young Workers Liberation League (YWLL)".
"Charles Cascone, independent candidate for the Senate in the 28th Legislative District blasted the Public Service Electric and Gas Company (PSE&G) at a public hearing May 31 before the Public Utilities Commission for its inequitable rate structure."
- The Communist Party youth Program: Documents of the Subversive Activities Control Board on Advance and Burning Issues Youth Organizations, Center for Marxist Education, and Young Workers Liberation League, Report, April 1974, House Internal Security Committee, including Index
- Congressional Record, March 16, 1970, pp. S3758-S3762, Sen. John Eastland, "The Venceremos Brigade - Agrarians or Anarchists?, esp. P. 8132, the List, as printed in "The Theory and Practice of Communism in 1972 (Venceremos Brigade), Part 2, Hearings, House Internal Security Committee HISC, Oct. 16, 18 & 19, 1972, pp. 8130 to 8134
- Subversive Involvement in the Origin, Leadership, and Activities of the New Mobilization Committee to End the War in Vietnam and Its Predecessor Organizations, HISC Staff Study, 1970, P. 5 and footnote 109, Subversive Influences in Riots, Looting, and Burning, Part 1, P. 915, 1967