Judy Chu

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Judy Chu

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Judy May Chu is a Democratic member of the United States House of Representatives, representing the 27th district of California.

Chu was elected to the U.S. House of Representatives for California's 32nd District in July 2009. She immediately got to work representing the interests of her constituents, voting on several environmental bills and working through the night on her first day in office, during a marathon debate on important healthcare reform legislation as part of her first assignment on the House Education and Labor Committee, where she served on the Subcommittees on Early Childhood, Elementary and Secondary Education and Healthy Families and Communities.

In the 112th Congress, Rep. Chu serves on the House Judiciary Committee, where she is a member of the Crime, Terrorism, and Homeland Security and the Intellectual Property, Competition, and the Internet subcommittees. She is also a member of the House Small Business Committee, where she is leading the Contracting and Workforce Subcommittee as the Ranking Democrat and serves on the Economic Growth, Tax and Capital Access Subcommittee. In 2011, she was elected as the Chair of the Congressional Asian Pacific American Caucus (CAPAC).

Congresswoman Chu is also a strong advocate for effective, humane and progressive immigration reform, having been an original co-sponsor of the Comprehensive Immigration Reform (CIR-ASAP) bill introduced by Rep. Luis Gutierrez in 2010.[1]

Background

Judy May Chu was born July 7, 1953, in Los Angeles, the second of four children of Judson Chu, a native Californian, and his wife, May, whom he brought from China under the War Brides Act. Judy Chu's paternal grandfather ran a Chinese restaurant in Watts, and the family lived near 62nd Street and Normandie Avenue in South Los Angeles until moving to the Bay Area when Judy was in junior high.

Her father worked as an electrical technician for Pacific Bell and her mother was a cannery worker and a member of the Teamsters.[2]

She is married to California State Assemblymember Mike Eng.

Education/teaching

Rep. Chu earned her B.A. in mathematics from UCLA and her Ph.D. in psychology from the California School of Professional Psychology.[3]

Chu taught as a psychology professor at the Los Angeles Community College District for 20 years, including 13 years at East Los Angeles College

Activism

Judy Chu can trace the beginnings of her career as a San Gabriel Valley activist and political leader back to the early 1970s and her freshman year in college.

As the young math major, intent on a career in computer science, was crossing the UC Santa Barbara quad one day, someone thrust into her hand a flier about a new Asian American studies course. She decided to give it a try.

"It was like a light went off in my head," Chu recalled. She learned about the history of Asian immigrants and their children, the discrimination and stereotypes they endured and their contributions to American life and culture.

One of the guest speakers was Pat Sumi, a third-generation Japanese American whose activism included registering blacks to vote in Mississippi and Georgia and organizing protests against the Vietnam War.

"It was the very first time it occurred to me that an Asian American woman could be a leader," said Chu, who began volunteering with various causes, transferred to UCLA and gave up computers for clinical psychology.[4]

Chu joined the movement to pass the Equal Rights Amendment for women, and then taught classes at UCLA on Asian American Women. She was once a Rape Crisis Counselor.[5]

Marriage

It was while she was a student at UCLA that Chu met her future husband, attorney Mike Eng. The couple married in 1978. Chu, who holds a doctorate in psychology, continued teaching at Los Angeles City College, then at East Los Angeles College, and Eng practiced immigration law.[6]

Communist Workers Party connection

Judy Chu has a history of affiliation with the Communist Workers Party.

Federation for Progress

In the early 1980s, Judy Chu was a leader of the Federation for Progress, a front group for the Communist Workers Party.

The Federation for Progress was another attempt to create a new Marxist united front organization, much like similar efforts of the People's Alliance and the National Committee for Independent Political Action.

The FFP put a half-page ad in the "socialist" oriented weekly newspaper, In These Times in the July 14-27, 1982 issue, p. 8, entitled: "A natural follow-up to June 12: A national conference July 30-August 1 at Columbia Un., in New York City".

It was a follow-up conference to the major "anti-defense lobby" march and protest in New York on June relating to the U.N. Second Special Session on Disarmament.

The FPP Interim Executive Committee consisted of;

Letter to Samaranch

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The '84 Mobilization for Peace and Justice, penned a July 25, 194 letter to Dr. Juan Antonio Samaranch and Members of the International Olympic Committee, Olympic Headquarters Biltmore Hotel 515 S. Olive St. Los Angeles, CA 90013

We wish to express our outrage at the statements made by members of the International Olympic Committee (IOC) in support of the Racist Apartheid Regime of South Africa, which is seeking to regain membership of the IOC. Morever we think that appropriate measures should be taken to hasten Mr. Roby's planned retirement and to replace Mr. Roosevelt as members of the IOC.

Judy Chu, UCLA Asian American Studies, and Federation For Progress, signed the letter.

Calderon connection

Marilyn Calderon, who served on Chu's legislative staff in the Assembly and now works for the United Farm Workers, said her former boss always encouraged her employees to aim high and insisted they remember they were there to help people who needed them.

Calderon recounted a 2004 meeting in a sun-baked field in Shafter with farm workers and others trying to build support for Chu's proposed legislation to protect field hands from sometimes-fatal sunstroke. On the ride back to Los Angeles, Calderon said she was drained but Chu seemed energized.

"She kept talking about how to move forward, what should be included, what the strategy should be," Calderon said. "She's a hard, hard worker."[7]

CHAMP

By the early 1980s, Judy Chu, and Mike Eng, had settled in Monterey Park, which was experiencing an influx of immigrants from China, Taiwan and Hong Kong, sparking a backlash among some longtime residents who sought a ban on Chinese-language storefront signs. When a divided City Council voted in 1986 to support a resolution endorsing, among other things, English as the nation's official language, Chu, by then on the school board, and Eng helped form the Coalition for Harmony in Monterey Park.

"Judy and Mike were always trying to find ways to bring people together," said former Colorado Communist Workers Party leader Jose Calderon, another member of CHAMP who is now an associate professor at Pitzer College in Claremont. They started "harmony days" to celebrate the city's various cultures, and they led a petition drive that moved the council to rescind its divisive resolution.[8]

Annual Cesar Chavez Breakfast

Friday 30 March 2012, Jose Calderon organized the Annual Latino and Latina Roundtable Cesar Chavez Breakfast , at The Avalon, 1098 W McKinley Ave, Pomona.[9]

In keeping with the tradition of honoring leaders in our region who have exemplified the principles and values of Cesar Chavez, the Roundtable is honoring Congresswoman Judy Chu, immigrant rights leader Emilio Amaya, and Pomona Unified School District Superintendent Richard Martinez.

Supporting Calderon's Ponoma protest

In a show of opposition to Pomona College’s decision to terminate 17 employees who could not verify their employment documentation before a December 2011 deadline, 15 supporters of the terminated employees were arrested for refusing to move from the middle of an intersection this morning. The arrests were part of a large protest that drew more than 100 students, workers, professors, union organizers and Claremont residents.

After hearing a series of speeches by fired workers and labor advocates, the protesters marched to Alexander Hall, where they picketed. They then moved to the intersection of Fourth Street and College Avenue, close to Pomona President David Oxtoby's home, where 15 of them sat down in the street to carry out a planned act of civil disobedience.

CPD officers arrested these 15 protesters, a group that included current 5C students as well as alumni and Pitzer College professor Jose Calderon, after they ignored repeated commands to disperse. As they were being handcuffed, these protesters called the names of fired workers and denounced what they described as an unjust decision by the Pomona administration, while a crowd of supporters chanted “Sí, se puede” and “This is what democracy looks like” from the sidewalk.

“Many years from now, I know your children and students will ask you, ‘Where were you on that day when they fired those workers that brought the food to your table?’” Calderón said in a speech at Frary, just after announcing that he was prepared to be arrested. “All of you are going to be able to say to your children, ‘I was there and I was fighting injustice.’”

In addition to the support of organizations like the American Civil Liberties Union, and the Mexican American Legal Defense and Education Fund, Pomona’s terminated workers have received a message of support from Judy Chu, a Southern California Democrat in the House of Representatives. Bryan Urias, a member of Chu’s staff, attended today’s protest on behalf of the congresswoman, who may soon become Claremont’s representative because of citizen-led redistricting.

“She wanted me to be here to let all of you know, to let the workers know, to let Pomona College know, that she is watching what is going on and she is disgusted with the process that happened here,” Urias said.

Urias added that Chu had personally called President Oxtoby to ask him to reconsider his decision to terminate employees who could not update their documentation by Dec. 1. He also said that Chu’s office intended to help the terminated workers who wanted to fix their documentation and get re-hired by Pomona.”[10]

"Vincent Who?"

In 1982, Vincent Chin was brutally murdered in Detroit "at the height of anti-Japanese sentiment". The judge ruled it a case of manslaughter and the two killers, both autoworkers, never served a day in jail.

The case became a cause celebre for the Communist Workers Party.

A film about the case "Vincent Who?" was released in 2008, dealing with impact the case had had on activists at the time.

More than twenty-five years later, that case remains a touchstone in the struggle for civil rights and the advancement of the Asian American community. In this new documentary, VINCENT WHO?, we take a quick look back at the case, but more importantly we examine the effects the case had on the leading community activists of today and the future leaders of tomorrow.

Interviewees and speakers included Helen Zia (leading activist during the Chin case), Stewart Kwoh (Founder & Executive Director, Asian Pacific American Legal Center), Judy Chu (Chair, California State Board of Equalization), Mike Eng (California State Assemblyman), Renee Tajima-Pena (Producer & Director, WHO KILLED VINCENT CHIN?), Frank Wu (Dean, Wayne State University Law School), Janet Yang (Producer, THE JOY LUCK CLUB), Justin Lin (Director, BETTER LUCK TOMORROW), Robin Toma (Executive Director, Los Angeles County Commission on Human Relations), Nhung Truong (District Representative, Office of Congressman Adam Schiff), Sejal Patel (Activist, Los Angeles Alliance for a New Economy), Ben de Guzman (National Campaign Coordinator, National Alliance for Filipino Veterans Equity).[11]

"Who Killed Vincent Chin?" event

Fall 2006/Spring 2007 - Asian Pacific Americans for Progress begins discussing ways to commemorate the upcoming 25th anniversary of the murder of Vincent Chin. The Los Angeles chapter (including producers Curtis Chin, Preeti Kulkarni and Vivian Hao) decides to organize a screening of the documentary "Who Killed Vincent Chin?" along with a panel discussion on the status of Asian American empowerment.

Board of Equalization member Judy Chu is asked to provide a recap of the case. Other panelists include Stewart Kwoh, Robin Toma, Hamid Khan and Renee Tajima-Pena.[12]

Career

Chu was elected to the Monterey Park City Council, where she served as Mayor 3 times. From there, she was elected to the California State Assembly, where she was Chair of the powerful Appropriations Committee, which has control over all legislation with a fiscal impact to the state. While in the Assembly, she introduced and helped pass the most successful tax amnesty bill in the nation, which was estimated to bring in $300 million but actually brought in $4.8 billion in revenue for the state budget without raising taxes. She was then elected to the State Board of Equalization, California’s tax board.[13]

Solis connection

Judy Chu was been endorsed by Hilda Solis' family, during her 2009 primary race, against Gil Cedillo for Solis' vacant Congressional seat. While Hilda Solis was staying out of electoral politics as a member of the new Obama administration, "the friendship between Hilda Solis and Judy Chu goes back two decades. When Secretary Solis's sister Irma recently publicly endorsed Judy on behalf of her entire family, it was seen as a tacit endorsement by Hilda and a passing of the torch".[14]

The Next Agenda Conference

Progressive LA: The Next Agenda Conference was held On October 20, 2001 in Los Angeles at the California Science Center.

The Progressive Los Angeles Network (PLAN) and the Institute for America’s Future "will co-sponsor an important conference -- the Next Agenda Conference -- designed to celebrate recent victories, build upon Los Angeles’ progressive momentum, and link local issues with a national progressive agenda. The conference will also help solidify a more strategic and integrated progressive movement in Los Angeles".

Speakers included Assemblywoman Judy Chu[15]

China connections

China trips

Soon after Judy Chu was elected as a Monterey Park City Council member and mayor, she led a delegation to visit China in 1990 when relations between the two countries were not normal. She visited China again in 1994 and 1999 as a city councilwoman. [16]

2011 visit, Beijing

Lu Yongxiang (R), vice chairman of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress, meets with Judy Chu, U.S. Representative for California's 32nd Congressional District, in Beijing, Aug. 30, 2011
Chu speaks at Peking University

In late August 2011, Senior Chinese Communist Party legislator Lu Yongxiang met with U.S. Representative Judy Chu.

Chu, was leading a delegation for a week-long visit to China at the invitation of the Chinese People's Institute of Foreign Affairs.

During their meeting at the Great Hall of the People, Lu, vice-chairman of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress, China's top legislative body, reviewed the exchanges that have taken place between the NPC and the U.S. Senate and Congress.

Lu called on China and the United States to step up dialogues, enhance mutual trust and carry out more extensive cooperation in order to boost the development of China-U.S. ties.

As the first Chinese-American woman to be elected to the U.S. Congress,Chu said she pays close attention to her country's relations with China. She said she will play her own part in boosting U.S-China ties.

After leaving Beijing, Chu traveled to east China's Jiangsu Province, the financial hub of Shanghai and south China's Guangdong Province.[17]

Jiangsu Provincial Committee

On August 30, 2011, Mr. Luo Zhijun, Secretary of Chinese Communist Party Jiangsu Provincial Committee, met with the US congressional delegation headed by Ms. Judy Chu,, Chair of the Congressional Asian Pacific American Caucus and the Ranking Democrat of Contracting and Workforce Subcommittee of the House Small Business Committee.

Mr. Luo Zhijun extended his welcome to Ms. Judy for her first visit to Jiangsu. He appreciated Chu's Resolution of Regret over the Chinese Exclusion Act of 1882, a bill suspending Chinese immigration. He said that this July he heads the Jiangsu Economic and Goodwill Delegation to visit the State of California, having a meeting with Congresswoman Chu and Congressman Mike Honda and signing the agreement with Steinburg, President Pro Tempore of California State Senate on the establishment of the sister relationship between Jiangsu and California, which "will be a great impetus to the pragmatic cooperation between the local governments of the two countries" .

During the stay in the US, Jiangsu had "reached extensive consensus and singed a series of agreements with US Department of State, Department of Commerce and Patent and Trademark Office on the further cooperation in economy, trade, culture, science and technology. It will not only enhance the friendly exchange between China and US, but also will create more cooperative opportunities for Jiangsu and California. Jiangsu will continue to give support and provide good service to US companies established in Jiangsu."

Judy Chu extended her thanks to Mr. Luo for his great hospitality, and said she has got a better understanding of the prosperous and beautiful Jiangsu and its plan for future through Mr. Luo's excellent introduction during his trip to US. She hoped this visit could bridge the people of two countries.

Mike Honda, the U.S. House of Representatives for California, Honorary Chair of the Congressional Asian Pacific American Caucus and Congressman Eni Faleomavaega are also in the delegation.

Mr. Chen Yonglong, Vice President of Chinese People's Institute of Foreign Affairs, Mr. Xu Nanping, Assistant to Governor and Director General of Jiangsu Provincial Department of Science and Technology, Mr. Mao Weiming, Director General of Jiangsu Provincial Development and Reform Commission, Mr. Zhu Min, Director General of Jiangsu Provincial Department of Commerce, Mr. Fei Shaoyun, Director General of Jiangsu Provincial Foreign Affairs Office, Mr. Zheng Zeguang, Vice Mayor of Nanjing and Mr. Zhou Wei, Deputy Director General of Jiangsu Provincial Foreign Affairs Office were present at the meeting.[18]

School of Transnational Law

A delegation led by Congresswoman Judy Chu, visited the School of Transnational Law on Sept. 1, 2011, to discuss the role of caucuses in the U.S. House of Representatives in the legislative process. This was the first delegation by sitting members of Congress to visit the STL campus in Shenzhen.

The Congressional Asian Pacific American Caucus , which also includes Congressman Eni Faleomavaega and members of the U.S.-Asia Institute, addressed a large audience of students and faculty in STL’s Moot Court room. They discussed the need for representation of Asian and Asian American constituents in the government and the discrimination Asian Americans have faced historically.

“I think one of the virtues of the American democracy for what it stands – it’s not perfect, I can promise you that – is its ability to correct its mistakes,” said Faleomavaega. “It can talk about racism and reform it… American democracy can evolve – it continues to change.”

Chu, spoke about her position as the first Chinese American woman in the U.S. House of Representatives and issues that she is passionate about, including immigration reform and improving U.S-China relations.

“We have more to gain from a relationship than we have to lose – and in fact, we are very much interdependent,” Chu said. “We want to make sure that we raise our voices for reason and mutual cooperation between U.S. and China. ”

During the Q&A session, students asked about Chu’s background, her identity as a Chinese American, and the delegation’s opinion on China’s one party system.

“I have to respect the fact that this is the way you currently function and operate,” Faleomavaega said. “Hopefully there is going to be a better understanding how the one-party system in your government could adapt and adjust to the realities of what the people want ultimately.”

In the afternoon, the students met with the individual delegates in small groups. First-year law student Lu Dan, who was in Chu’s group, said he was able to learn more about Chu’s challenges and achievements as an Asian American.

“They faced racial discrimination, so given the circumstances, the fact that she is very successful is very inspiring,” he said. “From this I can see that she is a very powerful and determined person.”[19]

Ancestral home, Jiangmen, Guangdong province

The last leg of Judy Chu's trip was a visit to her ancestral home of Jiangmen, Guangdong province.[20]

"Going to my home village and the Jiangmen museum of overseas Chinese it exemplified so greatly the hardships of the Chinese experience when they went abroad and had been treated so poorly by the immigration officials and experienced such hardships as they were trying to settle in America.
"It just brought home for me what kind of difficulties that my own grandfather and parents must have experienced as they came over."

"Much to learn from China"

Judy Chu told China Daily that she wanted to increase understanding between the United States and China, a relationship which Chu said has sometimes been hit by "great anxiety and tension".

"There are some in Congress who are saying negative and angry things about China," Chu said.

"I felt that we needed to have this trip in order to help balance the perspective that is out there. We have more to gain in our relationship between US and China than we have to lose." There is also much that the US can learn from China, she added.

"We need to explain what great progress China has made, with some great advances that we can learn from. For instance, on high-speed rail. We actually rode the high-speed rail from Nanjing to Shanghai and we were incredibly impressed at how China could make these advances when we in the US actually have not been able to get our first high-speed train going," she said. [21]

"Daughter of China"

From the Life of Guangzhou website

Judy Chu told the Life of Guangzhou website;

"I am a daughter of China, now I am coming home. This most incredible eight days visit has made me better understand what China is about. I had a memorable visit to my home village of Jiangmen. I am truly coming home."

Ms. Chu said the most memorable event of the whole trip was visiting her home village Jiangmen. The delegation paid a visit to Beijing, Nanjing, Shanghai, Guangzhou, Shenzhen and Jiangmen. "China has really made great progress," said Ms. Chu, "21 years ago when I was last in Jiangmen, single lane roads, no bridges cross the river. But this time I see 3-lane highways, magnificent highways, and all kinds of industry."[22]

Hu Jintao dinner

In January 2011, Chinese president Hu Jintao visited Washington DC for a high-profile summit. He had a red carpet rolled out for him and was greeted by Vice President Joe Biden at the airport. Highlights of the visit included a private dinner with President Barack Obama one night and a big state dinner the next.

Among those of Chinese descent that were present at the dinner were the newly inaugurated Chinese-American mayors of San Francisco and Oakland, California — Edwin Lee and Jean Quan — Energy Secretary Steven Chu, California Rep. Judy Chu, the first Chinese-American woman elected to Congress. Other members of Obama's Cabinet with seats at the table included Commerce Secretary Gary Locke and Education Secretary Arne Duncan. House Democratic leader Nancy Pelosi, D-Calif., was the only top congressional leader to accept an invitation. [23]

Meeting Qiu Shaofang

On January 15th, 2011 Congress Member Judy Chu and The minister Dinghua Wang of California Department of Agriculture Development with his wife Hanyang Xu were invited by Consul-General Qiu Shaofang of Consulate-General of The People’s Republic of China in Los Angeles in his residence. During the dinner, Consul-General Qiu had a friendly talk with Congress Member Judy Chu.

Minister Wang introduced the California eco-friendly agriculture, ecological agriculture, organic agriculture and the environmental pollution. Consul-General Qiu expressed his wishes on cooperation and communication between California and China in agriculture. The office representative Becky Cheng of Congress Member Judy Chu, Vice Consul-General Sun Weide, Consul Wang Luo in News group and Vice-Consul Mao Zhongyi also attended the dinner.[24]

Committee of 100

Washington area Committee of 100 members hosted a dinner meeting on November 4, 2009, in honor of Congresswoman Judy Chu. She has spoken at past Committee of 100 conferences and attended the 2008 conference in Los Angeles.

Attending the event were past Committee Chairman John L. Fugh, Bob Gee, Vice Chair Cheng Li, Michael Lin, Ben Wu, Vice Chair Frank Wu, Jeremy Wu, Nancy Yuan, and C-100 Executive Director Angie Tang.[25]

Judy Chu and Committee of 100, welcome Luo Zhijun

Judy Chu and Luo Zhijun

Luo Zhijun, Governor and Party Secretary for Jiangsu Province, and his economic development delegation were hosted at a dinner in the home of H&Q Asia Pacific Chairman and Founder Ta-lin Hsu on July 17, 2011, in Atherton, California. A number of Committee of 100 members and members of Congress, and other special guests, attended. The delegation, representing the one of the wealthiest Chinese provinces, included members of the Jiangsu government as well as Jiangsu-based entrepreneurs including the CEO of the solar energy company Suntech, Shi Zhengrong. Governor Luo gave a brief talk introducing Jiangsu’s economic advantages, which was extensively covered in the Chinese press.

Standing: Rep. Mike Honda, David Chang, Pehong Chen, Rep. David Wu, Andrew Cherng, and Consul General Gao Zhansheng of the San Francisco Consulate. Seated: Ta-lin Hsu, former Gov. Gray Davis, Governor Luo Zhijun, C-100 Chairman Dominic Ng, and Linda Tsao Yang

Hsu, along with members David Chang and Roger Wang, also assisted the delegation by introducing the delegation to Silicon Valley companies. Attending the dinner were U.S. Representatives Judy Chu, Mike Honda and David Wu, as well as former California Governor Gray Davis, Committee Chair Dominic Ng, C-100 members Pehong Chen, Wu-Fu Chen, Andrew Cherng, John Chiang, Weili Dai, Kenneth Fong, Doreen Woo Ho, George Koo, Stewart Kwoh, Li Lu, Dennis Wu, Jay Xu, Linda Tsao Yang, and Executive Director Angie Tang and Program Associate Alice Lin.[26]

Global Chinese Broadcasting Corporation Annual Meeting

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On May 23, 2012, Consul General Qiu Shaofang attended the opening ceremony of the 2012 Global Chinese Broadcasting Corporation Annual Meeting in Los Angeles. U.S congresswomen Judy Chu, China National Radio President Wang Qiu, Vice Consul General Sun Weide and representatives of more than 30 broadcasting companies arrived to the event.

Global Chinese Broadcasting Corporation is a broadcasting network providing real-time radio broadcast, dissemination of information, cultural entertainment, and many more features. Consul General Qiu spoke highly of the GCBC, he said it is a platform for all Chinese broadcasting practitioners to share and exchange great programs. For the past 9 years since its establishment, it has become one of the windows for the Chinese people and the world to learn about each other. Media is playing an increasingly important role in promoting better understanding and friendship around the world. GCBC is a bridge of communication to let the world know a real and developing China.

Consul General Qiu also talked about current China and US relations; he hope GCBC will provide more opportunities for China and American people to communicate and cooperate, as a result to improve the bilateral relationships.

Judy Chu U.S congresswomen, in her speech, positively commented on the important role played by the Chinese broadcasting in the Chinese American community. At the end, China National Radio President Wang Qiu concluded that, GCBC will devote its best effort to promote the development of Chinese broadcasting, and to raise China's global profile around the world.[27]

New Age of U.S.-China Relations

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The 2012 Western Region Conference of US-China Peoples Friendship Association, was held Friday, October 26 to 28, 2012, Hilton Hotel, San Gabriel, California.

“New Age of U.S.-China Relations” is the theme of this conference. Invited dignitaries will be from business, politics, NGOs and academia from both countries. Some of the keynote speakers that we are inviting include Madame Xiaolin Li, President of the Chinese Association for Friendship with Foreign Countries, his Excellency Shaofang Qiu, Consul General of China in Los Angeles, and Congresswoman Judy Chu, and her husband Mr. Mike Eng, California State Assembly.[28]

Judy Chu provided sobering remarks on the first day of the conference. She offered a history lesson on the Chinese Exclusion Act of 1882, which, according to Chu, prevented Chinese immigrants from becoming naturalized citizens, thus making Chinese “scapegoats for the Americans here.” The congresswoman said, “It was the relationship between the U.S. and China that actually got that act repealed in the first place. So, we must know that we have to value that relationship.”

Keeping with the topic of American moral courage, Congresswoman Chu explained how the U.S. had reached across the ocean to help a war-battered China during World War II. Commanded by General Claire Lee Chennault, the Flying Tigers’ unofficial joint military operation with the Chinese was organized to help the Chinese in their fight against the Japanese invasion.

“That was the only way to do it, because the U.S. was not officially at war with Japan,” said the congresswoman. “There were many who volunteered for the fighting, including Chinese Americans… So, I am reminded how strong our relationship is between the U.S. and China, and of the courage of so many who fought in that particular war and flew with the Flying Tigers.”[29]

Chinese Diplomat recognized

Judy Chu, and Qiu Shaofang

Qiu Shaofang, China's consul general in Los Angeles, received a certificate of congressional recognition from US Representative Judy Chu of California for his contribution to US-Chinese relations. The two were attending a reception in September 2012, marking China's National Day holiday. [30]

The Chinese on Chu

China laid a claim to human resources around the world that no other country can match: 50 million ethnic Chinese, mostly citizens of other countries whom Beijing sees as “sons and daughters of the Chinese nation.”

The official Chinese newspaper the People's Daily on Saturday (Nov. 3, 2012) published an article on what it called the participation of “overseas Chinese” in politics.

It cited U.S. congresswoman Judy Chu of California, the only Asian among 35 national campaign co-chairpersons for Barack Obama's campaign committee.

Even though the article appeared in English in the paper's online edition, it did not refer to her as “Judy Chu” but as Zhao Meixin, using her Chinese name.

It called her an example of a successful overseas Chinese “participating in politics in foreign countries,” even though Chu, was born in the United States, the granddaughter of an immigrant. To her, the United States is not a foreign country.

And the article referred to the congresswoman and others as “ethnic foreigners,” as though she will be forever a foreigner in the land of her birth and will always be Chinese.

In fact, China is claiming credit for the achievements of people such as Judy Chu.

The People's Daily said: “As China's national strength is constantly enhancing, the status of overseas Chinese is also upgraded in the countries they live in.”

It said that participation in politics had become an “irresistible trend” for overseas Chinese.

The reason for China's interest is not difficult to discern. “In order to strengthen exchanges and cooperation with China, more and more overseas Chinese are needed to participate in the local political life,” the paper said.

That is to say, from China's viewpoint, these ethnic Chinese politicians serve China's national purpose, even though they are elected officials of other countries.[31]

Cesar Chavez walk

Thousands of people from across Southern California joined the 4th Annual Cesar E. Chavez Walk in East Los Angeles on Saturday, April 6, 2002 --marking the ninth anniversary of the legendary farm worker and civil rights leader's death and the 40th anniversary of the United Farm Workers.

Walkers who assembled Saturday at East Los Angeles College Stadium for the walk included Chavez's widow, Helen, other Chavez family members and UFW President Arturo Rodriguez. Also participating were Hollywood figures including Martin Sheen; Jackie Guerra, Pete Leal, Austin Marquez, Edward James Olmos; Esai Morales; Mike Farrell; Ed Begley, Jr.; Marisol Nichols; Richard Coca, Evelina Fernandez, Mike Gomez, Sal Lopez, Dyana Ortelli, Jose Luis Valuenzuela; and Michele Greene.

Many elected officials also joined the walk, including U.S. Rep. Hilda Solis, state Sen. Richard Alarcon, Sen. Gloria Romero, Sen. Nell Soto, Speaker of the Assembly Herb Wesson, Assemblymembers Marco Firebaugh, Judy Chu and Paul Koretz, and Board of Equalization member John Chiang.

After a brief welcome by emcees Sid Garcia (ABC7) and Nancy Agosto (KMEX-TV), participants traveled a five-kilometer route through the neighborhood before returning for free music and entertainment.

Sponsors supporting the 4th Annual Cesar Chavez Walk included ABC7, KMEX, La Opinion, Super Estrella and L.A. County Supervisor Gloria Molina.[32]

EMILY's List

Chu has been supported by EMILY's List during her campaigning.

In 2009, with her special election victory in California’s 32nd congressional district, Rep. Judy Chu became the 80th woman that EMILY’s List has helped elect to the U.S. House of Representatives. WOMEN VOTE! ran an extensive direct mail program to reach out to 24,000 voters throughout the 32nd district, helping Chu rise above a crowded primary field and cruise to a general election victory.[33]

Mexican-American support

According to a Special Convention Discussion: Mexican American Equality, for the Communist Party USA's 2010, 29th National Convention in New York;[34]

Mexican Americans are heavily involved in the labor upsurge in leading the peoples struggles, indeed the model for many advances have come from the Mexican American-led Los Angeles County Federation of Labor in building coalitions, reaching out to youth, and focusing on unity. The Mexican American-led Federation played the leading role in prioritizing multi-racial representation in recent special Congressional elections, when it successfully supported African American Laura Richardson and Chinese American Judy Chu, over progressive pro-labor Latinos. Organized labor is now a major force for immigration reform and against repression with increased Mexican American participation on all levels in growing numbers of international unions and support for workers centers.

Obama connection

Presentation to Obama's sister

Standing Evelina Alarcon left, Maya Soetoro-Ng, right
Ed Reyes, Judy Chu, and Laura Chick

In June 2008, Communist Party USA leader and Executive Director of Cesar E. Chavez National Holiday, Evelina Alarcon presented a poster from the organization to Barack Obama's younger sister Maya Soetoro-Ng at a gathering in East Los Angeles[35].

Addressing a largely Latino audience in East Los Angeles yesterday, Dr. Maya Soetoro-Ng shared stories about her childhood with her older brother, Barack Obama, and the effect he has had on her life. Held in El Sereno’s Hecho en Mexico restaurant, the event drew more than a hundred enthusiastic community activists, local elected officials, and regular citizens...

Clearly "designed to draw support to her brother’s presidential candidacy" from two key voting blocs—women and Latinos— the event was organized by State Senate Majority Leader Gloria Romero, State Senator Martha Escutia (ret.), State Board of Equalization Chair Judy Chu, Los Angeles City Controller Laura Chick, Los Angeles City Councilmember Ed Reyes, and Los Angeles Unified School District Vice President Yolie Flores-Aguilar[36].

Obama for America, National Co-Chair

February 22, 2012, Obama for America, announced the selection of the campaign’s National Co-Chairs, a diverse group of leaders from around the country committed to re-electing President Obama. The co-chairs will serve as ambassadors for the President, advise the campaign on key issues, and help engage and mobilize voters in all 50 states.

Representative Judy Chu – Representing the 32nd District of California , was on the list.[37]

Democratic primary

In 2009 Judy Chu ran in a Democratic primary in the San Gabriel Valley, against Gilbert Cedillo to win the Congressional seat vacated by Hilda Solis.

Assemblyman Ed Hernandez said it flat out: "Don't fool yourselves, we are the underdog." While Judy Chu touts the endorsement of all three local members of the Assembly, a proxy endorsement of the outgoing member of Congress, the support of prominent electeds John Chiang and Antonio Villaraigosa as well as the hugely important support of the California Labor Federation, the fact remains that Chu is an Asian-American running in an hispanic-majority district, something Cedillo hopes to capitalize on. [38]

Socialized health care

At an August 29 2009 Health Care Educational Forum, town hall at the City of Hope medical center in Duarte, hundreds of people gathered to discuss various health care proposals coming out of Congress.

The vast majority of the crowd that filled the hall applauded enthusiastically as Rep. Judy Chu, D-El Monte, made her statements supporting health care reform.

"We must have a public option," remarked Chu at the beginning of the panel discussion.

With multiple unfinished reform bills waiting in Washington, the newly elected Congresswoman has placed her support behind one bill, H.R. 3200. She put on the town hall in order "to clear up the misconceptions of the bill, but, secondly, give people a chance to give their input about the bill."[39]

Moderator was Assemblymember Dr. Ed Hernandez, O.D. (D-57th)

Panelists were;[40]

Asian Pacific American Labor Alliance

On April 26, 2012, at the AFL-CIO headquarters in Washington, D.C., Asian Pacific American Labor Alliance members and supporters celebrated the group’s 20 years of addressing the workplace affecting the 660,000 APA union members and as the bridge between the broader labor movement and the APA community.

The 20th anniversary ceremonies also honored AFSCME President Gerald McEntee, Rep. Judy Chu (D-Calif.) and the group’s first director Matt Finucane for their important roles in APALA’s founding and growth.

McEntee was the leading voice on the AFL-CIO Executive Committee for establishing APALA, and Arlene Holt Baker said he “fought for nuts-and-bolts support of APALA’s first programs, and he mentored the fledgling organization’s first leaders.”

Chu, the chair of the Congressional Asian Pacific American Caucus—and a longtime activist in her union, AFT—was elected to Congress in 2009. She is a strong supporter of APALA and its work, said APALA leader Gregory Cendana.

Finucane, now NEA’s senior liaison to the Asian American and Pacific Islander community, was instrumental in building APALA’s organizing, political and advocacy programs.[41]

2002 hearing

On May 17, 2002 an Asian Pacific American Labor Alliance public hearing was held at the Monterey Park City Hall. This event was symbolic for the Asian Pacific American Immigrant community because it was the first hearing held over the issues of Asian Pacific American labor. It was also the first big wave of public appearances for thecommunity. The hearing included two panels of speakers. The first panel included speakers from various organizations, such as Kent Wong and Judy Chu.[42]

2009 hearing

On November 13, 2009, Asian Pacific American Labor Alliance convened the first National Asian Pacific American Worker’s Rights Hearing, a historic gathering of over 200 APA trade unionists and community allies. The hearing was convened in the Samuel Gompers room of the AFL-CIO headquarters in Washington D.C. APAs nationwide spoke about challenges they faced in exercising their right to organize including employer intimidation, immigrant worker exploitation, health and safety violations, wage theft and union suppression – while also highlighting the strategies that individual workers and unions have developed in the fight for worker solidarity and economic justice

These worker testimonies, policy solutions, and additional research were presented in APALA's groundbreaking report, Breaking Ground, Breaking Silence, which was published in 2010.

Over 200 people from across the country attended this historic hearing.

The hearing was co-convened by APALA and the AFL-CIO, in partnership with over 20 national and local organizations, to provide the first national platform for APA workers focused on the right to organize and the rights of immigrant workers.

Hearing panelists included:[43]

2011 hearing

Apala-workersrightshearing-4-9-11-flyer1.jpg

Saturday, April 9th, 2011, at the Japanese American National Museum, 369 East 1st St., Los Angeles, the Asian Pacific American Labor Alliance held a hearing on the the stories and testimonies of Asian Pacific American workers and their struggles to organize. Features panels on healthcare, immigrant rights, and the involvement of youth in the labor movement. The event included performances by Progressive Taiko and KIWA’s Cultural Resistance Committee drumming group.[44]

Speakers were;

  • Congresswoman Judy Chu

Congressional Progressive Caucus

In 2011 Judy Chu was a vice chair of the Congressional Progressive Caucus.[45]

Budget cuts protest

Mayor Antonio Villaraigosa is among the scheduled speakers at a downtown rally March 23, 2011, to protest proposed federal budget cuts, which organizers claim would hurt the city and county governments and attempts by small businesses to avoid layoffs.

Reps. Maxine Waters, Lucille Roybal-Allard, Karen Bass, Laura Richardson and Judy Chu, Councilman Richard Alarcon, actors Tim Robbins and James Cromwell and actress Mimi Kennedy were among the other scheduled speakers for the rally at the Edward Roybal Federal Building, set to begin at 2:30 p.m.

The cuts would cost Los Angeles $571 million and Los Angeles County well over $1 billion, according to Sophia Esparza of the Southern California Workforce Partnership, one of the rally's organizers.[46]

White House guest

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On October 13, 2011, Congresswoman Judy Chu, her husband Mike Eng, and Kent Wong and Jai Lee Wong, were guests at a White House dinner to honor South Korean President Lee Myung-bak.

"A conversation with Judy Chu and Jean Quan"

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This event was held Sunday July 10, 2011, Empress Pavilion, LA Chinatown.

The Host Committee consisted of

Anti-Walmart Protest

In June 2012, in Los Angeles there were many protesting the possibility of a Walmart branch being erected in the Chinatown area of the city.

L.A. Union Aficio reported that Tom Morello, fellow musician Ben Harper, civil rights leader Dolores Huerta, U.S. congresswoman Judy Chu, and L.A. Labor leader Maria Elena Durazo marched with union workers during the protest which started at the Los Angeles State Historic Park and led all the way to the intersection of Broadway and Cesar Chavez Blvd.

United Food and Commercial Workers international union president Joe Hansen told the crowd, “Our demands are clear. Walmart must provide a living wage, quality health care, demonstrate respect for local communities, and uphold workers’ rights here and around the world.”[47]

Stonewall Young Democrats

The Board of Directors of Stonewall Young Democrats and Host Committee, invited several California politicians to join them you to join them as they recognized Los Angeles City Council President Herb Wesson’s unwavering support & dedication for the LGBT Community.

They would also celebrate his election as the newest President of the LA City Council.

The confirmed special guests were: BOE Member Betty Yee, Rep. Judy Chu, Rep. Janice Hahn, Rep. Lucille Roybal-Allard, Sen. Kevin De Leon, Sen. Alex Padilla, Controller Wendy Greuel, Assemblymembers Steve Bradford, Ricardo Lara, Mike Eng, Bob Blumenfield, Bonnie Lowenthal, Betsy Butler, Tony Mendoza, LA City Councilmembers Paul Krekorian, Eric Garcetti, Bill Rosendahl and LAUSD Board Member Nury Martinez.

The event was hosted by: Debra Wilson, Fmr MadTV cast member, Actress & Comedian, and was held on Saturday, February 4, 2012 at the Home of Eric Bauman & Michael Andraychak in North Hollywood, CA.[48]

Anti-Fracking legislation endorser

On March 14, 2013, Rep. Jared Polis (D-CO) and Rep. Matt Cartwright (D-PA) have introduced the Bringing Reductions to Energy’s Airborne Toxic Health Effect (BREATHE) Act, and the Focused Reduction of Effluence and Stormwater runoff through Hydraulic Environmental Regulation (FRESHER) Act, in order to ensure that the hydraulic fracking industry follows the same rules that other industries do in preserving our natural resources. This legislation is focused on ensuring the safety and the health of the communities where the hydraulic fracturing, or fracking, process is already taking place.

The BREATHE Act would ensure that we close the oil and gas industry’s loophole to the Clean Air Act’s aggregation provision, in addition to adding hydrogen sulfide—a chemical associated with nausea, vomiting, headaches, and irritation of the eyes, nose, and throat—to the Clean Air Act’s federal list of hazardous air pollutants.

The BREATHE Act has the following original co-sponsors including: Reps. Rush Holt, Jr., Raul Grijalva, John Sarbanes, James Moran, Michael Quigley, Earl Blumenauer, Gerald Connolly, Zoe Lofgren, Michael Honda, Paul Tonko, Barbara Lee, David Price, Carolyn Maloney, Michael Capuano, Mark Pocan, Jim McDermott, Eleanor Holmes Norton, Alcee Hastings, Keith Ellison, Niki Tsongas, William Keating, Adam Smith, Jim Langevin, Chellie Pingree, Judy Chu, Louise Slaughter, Jerrold Nadler, Grace Meng, Jan Schakowsky, Nita Lowey, Jared Huffman, Gary Peters and Alan Lowenthal.

The following organizations have endorsed this legislation and are actively working to garner support within Congress and throughout the country: Physicians for Social Responsibility, Natural Resources Defense Council, Earthjustice, Alliance of Nurses for Healthy Environments, Sierra Club, Earthworks, Breast Cancer Action, Clean Water Action, Environment America, Greenpeace, Nature Abounds, Oil Change International, Citizens for a Healthy Community, Citizens for Huerfano County, Clean Water Action Colorado, Erie Rising, Grassroots Energy Activist Network, Holy Terror Farm, San Luis Valley Ecosystem Council, SOS Foundation, Western Colorado Congress of Mesa County, Western Slope Conservation Center and Wilderness Workshop.[49]

LIBERT-E Act

June 18, Rep. Justin Amash (R-MI), Chairman of the House Liberty Caucus, and Rep. John Conyers, Jr. (D-MI), the Ranking Member on the House Judiciary Committee, announced the introduction of bipartisan legislation to address National Security Agency surveillance.

H.R. 2399, the Limiting Internet and Blanket Electronic Review of Telecommunications and Email Act (LIBERT-E Act), restricts the federal government’s ability under the Patriot Act to collect information on Americans who are not connected to an ongoing investigation. The bill also requires that secret Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act (FISA) court opinions be made available to Congress and summaries of the opinions be made available to the public.

A coalition of 32 Members of Congress joined Conyers and Amash in introducing the bill. After introduction, Conyers and Amash issued the following statement:

The following Members of Congress cosponsored the legislation:

Rep. Paul Broun (R-GA) Rep. Judy Chu (D-CA) Rep. Suzan DelBene (D-WA) Rep. John Duncan (R-TN) Rep. William Enyart (D-IL) Rep. Tulsi Gabbard (D-HI) Rep. Chris Gibson (R-NY) Rep. Paul Gosar (R-AZ) Rep. Morgan Griffith (R-VA) Rep. Raúl Grijalva (D-AZ) Rep. Rush Holt, Jr. (D-NJ) Rep. Sheila Jackson-Lee (D-TX) Rep. Hank Johnson (D-GA) Rep. Walter B. Jones (R-NC) Rep. Barbara Lee (D-CA) Rep. Zoe Lofgren (D-CA) Rep. Thomas Massie (R-KY) Rep. Tom McClintock (R-CA) Rep. Jim McDermott (D-WA) Rep. James McGovern (D-MA) Rep. Mike Michaud (D-ME) Rep. Mick Mulvaney (R-SC) Rep. Jerrold Nadler (D-NY) Rep. Beto O’Rourke (D-TX) Rep. Steve Pearce (R-NM) Rep. Jared Polis (D-CO) Rep. Trey Radel (R-FL) Rep. Matt Salmon (R-AZ) Rep. Mark Sanford (R-SC) Rep. Kyrsten Sinema (D-AZ) Rep. Peter Welch (D-VT) Rep. Ted Yoho (R-FL) [50]

Congressional Letter for Neutrality, 2014 Salvadoran Elections

On Monday December 16, 2014 Reps. Juan Vargas (D-CA), Mike Honda (D-CA) and Mark Pocan (D-WI) sent a letter to Sec. of State John Kerry – signed by 51 Members of Congress – calling for a public statement of neutrality by the State Department before the first round of El Salvador’s presidential elections on February 2, 2014.

The letter, , highlighted several “important steps” that the current government has taken to “strengthen its democratic system and expand the right to vote to all citizens,” including those living outside of the country, who will be voting by absentee ballot for the first time in February. Since the election of Mauricio Funes, the first President from the Marxist Farabundo Martí National Liberation Front (FMLN) party, the government has increased the number of polling places four-fold to increase accessibility, especially in rural areas.

“We’re glad to see so many Members of Congress expressing respect for the right of the Salvadoran people to determine their own future. That’s an attitude that’s sorely lacking in much of the US’ policy in Central America, especially with regard to economic policy,” said Alexis Stoumbelis, Executive Director for the pro-communist Committee in Solidarity with the People of El Salvador (CISPES), in Washington, DC, which has observed every post-war election in El Salvador, starting in 1994.

Signatories included Rep. Judy Chu.[51].

Staff

The following have worked as staff members for Judy Chu:[52][53]

External links

References

  1. Chu Congressional bio
  2. wiqaable,com, Former UCSB Activist Judy Chu = 1st Chinese American Woman Elected to Congress
  3. Chu Congressional bio
  4. wiqaable,com, Former UCSB Activist Judy Chu = 1st Chinese American Woman Elected to Congress
  5. MOMocrats, Run, Mama, Run*: Candidate for Congress Judy Chu Answers More Questions, Part 2,May 6, 2009 by Cynematic
  6. wiqaable,com, Former UCSB Activist Judy Chu = 1st Chinese American Woman Elected to Congress
  7. wiqaable,com, Former UCSB Activist Judy Chu = 1st Chinese American Woman Elected to Congress
  8. wiqaable,com, Former UCSB Activist Judy Chu = 1st Chinese American Woman Elected to Congress
  9. Wherevent, Annual Cesar Chavez Breakfast
  10. The Student Life, By Jeff Zalesin, Fri, Dec 2 2011
  11. [http://vincentwho.wordpress.com/author/keithpr/page/2/, http://vincentwho.wordpress.com/2008/04/01/vincent-who/Vincent Who? Archive blog Vincent Who? Posted on April 1, 2008]
  12. APAP website, Vincent Who? Timeline Sun, 10/31/2010
  13. Chu Congressional bio
  14. CA-32: Introducing Judy Chu For Congress, by Todd Beeton, Wed Apr 08, 2009
  15. [Announce Oct. 20: Progressive LA Conference announce-admin at comm-org.utoledo.edu announce-admin at comm-org.utoledo.edu. Tue Oct 16 10:22:22 CDT 2001]
  16. Chinaview, Judy Chu becomes first Chinese American congresswoman in U.S. www.chinaview.cn 2009-07-15
  17. Peoples Daily Online, Senior Chinese legislator meets U.S. congresswoman, 13:57, August 30, 2011
  18. [sfao.gov.cn/english/NewsDetail.asp?NewsID=17268, Foreign Affairs office of Jiangsu Provincial People's Government.Party Secretary Luo Zhijun Meets with US Congresswoman Judy Chu]
  19. Peking University website, Pro-Vice-Chancellor of Durham University visits Peking University
  20. China Daily, Congresswoman: Nations can learn from each other
  21. China Daily, Congresswoman: Nations can learn from each other
  22. Life of Guangzhou, The 1st American Chinese Congresswoman: I'm Truly Coming Home]
  23. Facts and Details, U.S.-CHINESE RELATIONS UNDER THE BUSHES, CLINTON AND OBAMA
  24. California Agricultural Department website, accessed March 14, 2013
  25. Committee of 100 Greets Newly-Elected Representative Judy Chu in Washington, D.C., November 2009 | By Jane Leung Larson
  26. Committee of 100 newsletter, Committee Members Welcome Jiangsu Delegation to Bay Area]
  27. [http://losangeles.china-consulate.org/eng/lghd/t938892.htm, Chinese Consulate, Los Angeles, Engaging Global Audiences and Reaching Potentials 2012 Global Chinese Broadcasting Cooperation Annual Meeting 2012/06/07]
  28. 2012 Western Region Conference of USCPFA
  29. Temple Tribune, U.S.-China Conference Discusses Past, Present Relations, By Jim E. Winburn
  30. China Daily Los Angeles: Diplomat recognized
  31. The China Post, The 'sons & daughters of China' By Frank Ching November 7, 2012]
  32. http://www.ufw.org/_board.php?mode=view&b_code=news_press&b_no=702&page=21&field=&key=&n=235 UFW Thousands walk in L.A. to honor Cesar Chavez & 40th anniversary of the union he founded 04/07/2002]
  33. EL website, Where We Come From Twenty-Five Years of Progress...
  34. Special Convention Discussion: Mexican American Equality, April 5 2010
  35. http://www.laprogressive.com/2008/06/22/barack%E2%80%99s-sister-brings-the-heat-to-el-sereno/
  36. http://www.laprogressive.com/2008/06/22/barack%E2%80%99s-sister-brings-the-heat-to-el-sereno/, Dick and sharon's LA Progressive, Barack’s Sister Brings the Heat to El Sereno June 22, 2008 By Dick and Sharon
  37. Judy Chu for Congress, February 22, 2012, OBAMA FOR AMERICA ANNOUNCES REP. JUDY CHU AS. NATIONAL CAMPAIGN CO-CHAIR
  38. MyDD Blog, CA-32: Judy Chu Launches Her Campaign To Replace Hilda Solis, by Todd Beeton, Sun Mar 15, 2009
  39. [http://www.neontommy.com/2009/09/healthcare-sparks-heated-debate, Neon Tommy, Health Care Sparks Heated Debate In Duarte John Guenther | September 3, 2009]
  40. http://xa.yimg.com/kq/groups/16813317/1172967060/name/MED.pdf, meeting adverizing flyer]
  41. AFL-CIO blog , APALA Celebrates 20th Anniversary, 04/27/2012, Mike Hall
  42. [http://www.sscnet.ucla.edu/aasc/classweb/spring02/aas197b/apala.html, Asian American Studies 197B Spring Quarter 2002, Final Community Internship Reports, Asian Pacific American Labor Alliance - Public Hearing on Labor Issues by Esther Cho and Eleanor Choi
  43. APALA website, National APA Worker’s Rights Hearing
  44. [bananafish blog, apr 9 | apa workers’ rights hearing Apr 5, '11]
  45. Congressional Progressive Caucus website, accessed April 2, 2011
  46. Our Weekly, Rally set to protest federal budget cuts in Downtown L.A., Mar 23 2011
  47. Thousands Rally to Stop “Walmartization” of Los Angeles Jobs, LA AFL-CIO blog, June 30, 2012
  48. Diversity News, Stonewall Young Democrats LGBT Equality Brunch Reception honoring Hon. Herb Wesson, January 25, 2012 by Esteban "Steven" Escobar
  49. Polis website. Polis, Cartwright Introduce Legislation to Hold Fracking Industry Accountable,
  50. NSA Surveillance: Amash, Conyers Introduce Major Bill, Bipartisan Coalition of 34 Members of Congress Propose LIBERT-E Act, Jun 18, 2013
  51. CISPES press release, Press Statement: 51 Members of Congress Call for US Neutrality in Salvadoran Elections December 16, 2013
  52. Legistorm: Judy Chu (accessed on Aug. 24, 2010)
  53. http://www.legistorm.com/member/1000/Rep_Judy_Chu_CA.html. Accessed on 2/12/2011