A 1999 graduate of Soldan High School, Carter attended Alabama A&M University where he received a bachelor’s degree in computer science. 
Carter is a member of the following organizations: Young Democrats, NAACP, NSBE, 100 Black Men, St. Louis C.A.N., NCCJ and the Paula J. Carter Foundation. In addition, he serves as a mentor for Big Brothers Big Sisters and is a member of Kappa Alpha Psi Fraternity Inc. 
In addition to his legislative duties, Carter works as the Director of Intake for West End Clinic in St. Louis. In addition, he has worked as the Director of Community Affairs for the 61st District; District Assistant to Senator Jeff Smith; and as field organizer for U.S Senator Claire McCaskill. 
Supported Progressive Health Care Reform
In late 2009, Chris Carter was one of more than 1,000 state legislators to sign a letter entitled "State Legislators for Progressive Health Care Reform". The letter was a project of the Progressive States Network and was developed in consultation with national health care reform advocates, including the AFL-CIO, AFSCME, Community Catalyst, Families USA, Herndon Alliance, National Women's Law Center, Northeast Action, SEIU, and Universal Health Care Action Network. The letter reads in part,
- "Failure to pass national comprehensive health reform now will further jeopardize state and local budgets, undermining public services like education, public safety, and transportation infrastructure... We, the undersigned, call on President Obama and the Congress to enact bold and comprehensive health care reform this year – based on these principles and a strong federal-state collaboration – and pledge our support as state legislators and allies in pursuit of guaranteed, high quality, affordable health care for all."