Tom Hayden

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Tom Hayden


Thomas Hayden was a California based veteran of the "progressive" movement. Hayden was one of the "Chicago Seven" of the "National Mobilization Committee to End the War in Vietnam" (National Mobe) anti-Vietnam protest movement that caused violent demonstrations at the 1968 Democratic National Convention in Chicago, 1968.[1]

The "Chicago Seven," tryptichally photographed by Richard Avedon, Sept. 25, 1969. L-R: Lee Weiner, John Froines, Abbie Hoffman, Rennie Davis, Jerry Rubin, Tom Hayden, and David Dellinger

He later taught at the Claremont Colleges and is the author of numerous books, including Reunion: A Memoir.

Tom Hayden was the former husband of Actress Jane Fonda and is the father of actor Troy Garity.

Tom Hayden died on October 23, 2016 at the age of 76. [2]

Early life

Tom Hayden grew[3]up attending Catholic schools in Royal Oak, Michigan . He attended the University of Michigan where he was editor of the student paper.

Students for a Democratic Society

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Tom Hayden was a founding member of the Students for a Democratic Society in 1961, and author of its visionary call, the Port Huron Statement.

He later moved to Atlanta where he reported on the southern civil rights movement for SDS. He was elected president of SDS 1962 and in 1964 went to work in the Newark ERAP project where he remained until 1967.

He was a leading opponent of the Vietnam War, helped lead demonstrations against the war at the 1968 Chicago Democratic Convention, and directed the Indochina Peace Campaign.

Wants the 'disappearance of the white race'

Tom Hayden made a toast during his son's wedding to a black woman, saying in part that it is “another step in a long-term goal of mine: the peaceful, nonviolent disappearance of the white race.” [4]

Studies on the Left

Tom Hayden was editor of Studies on the Left, from 1965 to 1967. SOTL was a publication which "helped to revive radical scholarship in the United States and to create a new radical understanding of the American political economy. Second, Studies contributed to the consciousness and ideological development of the New Left."

North Vietnam

In 1967 Tom Hayden traveled to North Vietnam with Rennie Davis.

Red Family/International Liberation School

Tom Hayden, creator of his own revolutionary cell, the Red Family and was also co-founder of the International Liberation School (ILS), along with Stew Albert, Susan Cady, Art Goldberg, brother of Jackie Goldberg, Jane Herman, Paul Glusman, Shari Ann Whitehead and a couple Gil Jones and Carol Jones. The ILS trained in combat firearms and medicine][5]

Weathermen Flint "War Council"

December 27-31, 1969, about 400 of the national membership of the Weatherman faction of Students for a Democratic Society held a “War Council” at a ballroom dancehall in Flint, Michigan. Posters of a giant cardboard machinegun, Ho Chi Minh, Che Guevera, and Fidel Castro hung everywhere.

Tom Hayden gave a karate demonstration

Among the attendees of the “War Council in Flint" identified by the Flint police department and/or its informant were: Michael Avey, Karen Ashley, Bill Ayers, Edward Benedict, Margaret Bennett, Douglas Bernhardt, Jeff Blum, Harvey Blume, David Chase, Peter Clapp, Judy Clark, Bernardine Dohrn, Diane Donghi, Linda Evans, Brian Flannigan, David Flatley, John Fuerst, Lynn Ray Garvin, Bert Garskof, Michele Garskoff, Mark Glasser, Theodore Gold, Lenny Handlesman, Ann Hathaway, Karen Hardiman, Daniel Hardy, Tom Hayden, Phoebe Hirsch, Arthur Hochberg, Anne Hodges, John J. J. Jacobs, Jeff Jones, Sam Karp, David Klafter, Dianne Kohn, Peter Kuttner, Bradford Lang, Stephen Lang, Karen Latimer, Jonathan Lerner, Naomi Lev, Bradford Long, Alan Maki, Eric Mann, Howard Machtinger, Carol McDermott, L.R. Meadows, Lisa Meisel, Jeff Melish, James Mellen, David Millstone, Russell Neufeld, Diana Oughton, John Pilkington, Edward Purtz, Jonah Raskin, Natalie Rosenstein, Dennis Roskamp, Mark Rudd, Karen Selin, Mark Shapiro, Janet Snider, Mike Spiegel, Jane Spiegelman, Marsha Steinberg, David Sole, Susan Stern, Clayton Van Lydegraf, Cathy Wilkerson and Mary Wozniak[6].

After the Flint meeting the Weatherman moved underground and scattered to the four winds. Renamed the Weather Underground Organization, the WUO sought to “commit strategic acts of sabotage against the government.” Tom Hayden stayed above ground, but prepared for the revolution with his friends Linda Morse (Linda Dannenberg) and Art Goldberg who ran an ILS office at 1925 Grove Street in Berkeley. The Weatherman studied Hayden’s manual among others.

Among those at the Flint War Council were Ted Gold and Diana Oughton, who blew themselves up in the March, 1970 New York City townhall explosion caused when Gold dropped some dynamite. The third victim of this accident was Diane Donghi. For more on SDS/WUO members mentioned above, see Larry Grathwohl's testimony before the Senate Internal Security Subcommittee (SISS) in 1974. He was the only government informant to penetrate the top leadership of the WUO.[7].

Another SISS hearing on the Weather Underground (WUO) is "State Department Bombing By Weatherman Underground", Hearing, SISS, Jan. 31, 1975. There are numerous books on SDS and the WUO by former members of both organizations as well as by leftist journalists, including Kirkpatrick Sale's "SDS".

Clayton Van Lydegraf was a former CPUSA leader in Washington State who was so extreme that he was literally thrown out of the organization, only to become the "godfather" of SDS's violent actions. His early history can be found in the Washington State reports on "Un-American Activities" as well as in HCUA hearings/reports.[8].

Chicago the "pig capital" of the US

In Chicago, October 1969, Tom Hayden spoke at a Sunday night gathering in Mandel Hall with Mike Klonsky and Mark Rudd. Hayden told the students that "The generation gap is a new form of class struggle" and that chicago was the "pig capital" of the US[9];

Indochina Information Project

One of Hayden's first "Hanoi Lobby" projects on Vietnam was entitled the Indochina Information Project, which was funded, in part, by the far-left "Northern  ???of the Youth Project" {CITATION and FULL NAME). It was mainly a propaganda operation that didn't attract a lot of national attention.

Indochina Peace Campaign

Hayden's most successful operation on behalf of Hanoi was the organization of the Indochina Peace Campaign (IPC) which became the lobbying arm of North Vietnam in the U.S. It was formed around 1973 as the older, Communist Party USA (CPUSA) and Trotskyist Socialist Workers Party (SWP) anti-Vietnam war fronts, the various Mobes and its successors, Peoples Coalition for Peace & Justice (PCPJ) and National Peace Action Coalition (NPAC) fell by the wayside with the signing of the fraudulent "Paris Peace Agreement" in January, 1973.

Gathering his own organizations and followers, as well as the remnants of the old "Hanoi Lobby", Hayden constructed a very well-disciplined national group, the IPC, whose one main goal was to lobby Congress to cut off aid to So. Vietnam (and Cambodia), so as to assure a Communist victory in Indochina.

Much of the history of the IPC and their operations appeared in 16 issues of their newspaper, "Indochina Focus" which lasted from 1973-1976.

MORE TO FOLLOW:

Campaign for Economic Democracy

In the 1970s, Hayden organized the grassroots Campaign for Economic Democracy in California. He was elected to the California state assembly in 1982 and the state senate ten years later, serving eighteen years in all.

Gidra

Contributors to the final April 1974 issue of the Maoist journal Gidra were Tommy Lo, Tom Hayden, Sam Rhee, Judy Chu, Carrie Furuya, Peter Hata, Seigo Hayashi, Tomo Hisamoto, Tamiko Hirano, Eddie Ikuta, Stuart Iwasaki, Miller Jew, Duane Kubo, Dan Kuramoto, June Okida Kuramoto, Sharon Machida, Danny Matsumura, Ken Minamiji, Amy Murakami, Scott Nagatani, Teri Nitta, Alan Ohashi, Henry Omori, Linda Iwataki Omori, Merle Oyadomori, Susie Partridge, Val Sakanoi, Laura Tokunaga, Richard Tokunaga, Brian Wakano, Jerry Wong, Eddie Wong, Mike Yamamoto, Mike Yanagita, Jeff Furumura, Lawson Inada, .Shin'ya Ono, Pat Sumi, Linda Iwataki Omori, Evelyn Yoshimura, Richard Tokunaga, Alan Takemoto, Ken Minamiji, Alan Ohashi, Ed Ikuta, Glen Iwasaki, Steve Tatsukawa, Alan Ota, Mike Yamamoto, Bill Watanabe, Doug Aihira, Mo Nishida, Peter Hata, Song Fong, Bruce Iwasaki.

Carpenter connection

Socialist activist Tim Carpenter cut his teeth on campaigns that recognized the connection between transforming politics and transforming the country: as a kid working "behind the Orange Curtain" (in then hyper-conservative Orange County) for George McGovern in 1972 and for the remarkable radical intervention that was Tom Hayden's 1976 US Senate bid. Carpenter was a trusted aide to the Rev. Jesse Jackson's 1988 "Rainbow Coalition" run for the presidency, an inner-circle strategist for Jerry Brown's 1992 presidential run (addressing that year's Democratic National Convention and urging delegates to "Save Our Party" from ideological compromises and corporate influence), a key figure in Dennis Kucinich's antiwar presidential campaign of 2004.[10]

Campaign for America's Future

In 1996 Tom Hayden, California Legislature was one of the original 130 founders of Campaign for America's Future.[11]

Bert Corona admirer

"Renewed class struggle in these societies will lead to new forms of social arrangements," he said. "The workers of East Germany, for example, aren't about to give up easily many of the supports they had under socialism, such as low rents and free education for their children." With his stirring defense of socialism, Los Angeles activist Bert Corona earned icon status with the left wing of the Democratic Party, becoming a hero to state politicians such as Tom Hayden, Sheila Kuehl, Assemblyman Gil Cedillo and Assembly speaker Antonio Villaraigosa, among others. [12]

"Making Trouble"

'Making Trouble- Building a Radical Youth Movement' was held April 17-19, 1998 Berkeley, California.

"Making Trouble" is a conference for young radicals from all over California to meet, form coalitions, and get informed. We will focus on the Prison Industrial Complex and the contemporary Labor Movement, but there will also be workshops on Environmental Justice, the Unz initiative, Art and Revolution, Immigration, Third World Organizing, Economic Globalization, Affirmative Action, Reproductive Rights, and much more.

Keynote Speaker: Barbara Ehrenreich

Invited speakers included;[13]

Socialists organize to "challenge for power" in Los Angeles

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On March 11, 1998, Los Angeles Democratic Socialists of America leader Steve Tarzynski wrote an email to another Los Angeles DSA leader Harold Meyerson.

Tarzynski listed 25 people he thought should be on an "A-list" of "25 or so leaders/activists/intellectuals and/or "eminent persons" who would gather periodically to theorize/strategize about how to rebuild a progressive movement in our metropolitan area that could challenge for power."

Tarzynski listed himself, Harold Meyerson, Karen Bass, Sylvia Castillo, Gary Phillips, Joe Hicks, Richard Rothstein, Steve Cancian, Larry Frank, Torie Osborn, Rudy Acuna, Aris Anagnos, Abby Arnold, Carl Boggs, Blase Bonpane, Rick Brown, Stanley Sheinbaum, Alice Callahan, Jim Conn, Peter Dreier, Maria Elena Durazo, Miguel Contreras, Mike Davis, Bill Gallegos, Bob Gottlieb, Kent Wong, Russell Jacoby, Bong Hwan Kim, Paula Litt (and Barry Litt, with a question mark), Peter Olney, Derek Shearer, Clancy Sigal and Anthony Thigpenn.

Included in a suggested elected officials sub-group were Mark Ridley-Thomas, Gloria Romero, Jackie Goldberg, Gil Cedillo, Tom Hayden, Antonio Villaraigosa, Paul Rosenstein and Congressmen Xavier Becerra, Henry Waxman and Maxine Waters.

Tarzynski went on to write "I think we should limit the group to 25 max, otherwise group dynamics begins to break down....As i said, I would like this to take place in a nice place with good food and drink...it should properly be an all day event."

"WAKE UP DEMOCRATS! Take Back the Country"

"WAKE UP DEMOCRATS! Take Back the Country" Conference, with Rob Reiner, Robert Reich, Robert Rosendahl, Rep. Hilda Solis, Rep. Henry A. Waxman, Rep. Jesse Jackson, Jr., Rep. Dennis Kucinich, Ed Begley, Jr., Robert Borosage, Vincent Bugliosi, Warren Beatty, Susan Lerner, Rep. Maxine Waters, Roy Ulrich, Medea Benjamin, S. David Freeman, Peter Navarro, Hon. Jackie Goldberg, Harold Meyerson, Hon. Antonio Villaraigosa, Amy Wakeland, Bob Erlenbush, Hon. Eric Garcetti, Tom Hayden, Aqella Sherrills, Parke Skelton, & Lila Garrett. Sponsored by SCADA. L.A., CA, 6/24/01.[14]

Not In Our Name

In August 2004 Tom Hayden endorsed an anti “Bush Team” Protest at the Republican National Convention in New York, organized by Not In Our Name, an organization closely associated with the Revolutionary Communist Party[15].

Woolsey/Sheinbaum fund raiser

Congresswoman Lynn Woolsey, the first Member of Congress to call on the President to bring our troops home, was be in Los Angeles on Saturday February 4th 2006, for a 'very exciting but critical fundraiser against the most well-known, well-financed challenger she's ever faced". Woolsey was facing a primary challenge from a termed-out Assemblyman Joe Nation, a moderate Democrat who has been critical of her stand on the war and on bringing home our troops. He is raising money from people who have given money to Tom DeLay and Bush-Cheney and his legislative district covers 60+% of Congresswoman Woolsey's district. Congresswoman Woolsey is a "champion of equal rights, civil liberties, protecting the environment and fighting for single payer healthcare. Congresswoman Woolsey must be re-elected by the same victory margin she has had in the past to send a message to progressives everywhere that's it IS OK to be courageous, and to not back down on issues that matter."

The Host Committee for this fundraiser includes:

Ben Affleck; Ed Asner; Warren Beatty; Jodie Evans; James Cromwell; Matt Damon; Tom Hayden; Wendy Herzog; Mimi Kennedy; Norman Lear; Stephen Rohde; Susie Shannon; Stanley Sheinbaum & Betty Sheinbaum; Lorraine Sheinberg; Kathy Spillar; Gloria A. Totten; Peg Yorkin; Senator Barbara Boxer; Congressman Joe Baca; Congressman Xavier Becerra; Congresswoman Lois Capps; Congresswoman Jane Harman; Congresswoman Juanita Millender-McDonald; Congresswoman Grace Napolitano; Congresswoman; Lucille Roybal-Allard; Congresswoman Linda Sanchez; Congresswoman Loretta Sanchez; Congressman Adam Schiff; Congresswoman Hilda Solis; Congresswoman Maxine Waters; Congresswoman Diane Watson; Senator Sheila Kuehl and Assemblywoman Karen Bass.

The fundraiser was at the Stanley Sheinbaum & Betty Sheinbaum residence in Brentwood. Both Sheinbaums have been members of Democratic Socialists of America.[16]

Peace activism

In July 2006 Hayden addressed[17] the Peace Action National Congress at Wayne State University, with Rep. Lynn Woolsey (D-CA), and Michigan Congressman John Conyers.

Latino Congreso 2007

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Tom Hayden, Judith Le Blanc, Arlene Inouye, Maxine Waters, Lydia Lopez.

Some 2,000 Latino leaders and activists from throughout the United States met in Los Angeles, at the Latino Congreso 2007, Oct. 5-9 to map an action plan and social justice program for the 2008 elections. Their goal was to bring out 10 million Latino voters who can play a decisive role in the presidential and congressional elections.

PPW, Oct. 13, 2007 page3

Helping prepare positions on the Iraq war were Rep. Maxine Waters (D-Calif.), who chaired the congressional Out of Iraq Caucus, former California state Sen. Tom Hayden, United for Peace and Justice organizer, and Communist Party USA leader, Judith LeBlanc, and Lydia Lopez of the Communist Party front Latinos for Peace “America: not another nickel, not another dime, not another soldier, not this time,” Waters declared to a standing ovation. She drew another ovation when she called for African American and Latino unity.

The Congreso unanimously called for complete withdrawal from Iraq starting immediately, no invasion of Iran, and support for Oct. 27 regional demonstrations against the war and Iraq Moratorium activities the third Friday of each month.

Los Angeles Mayor Antonio Villaraigosa said Latinos should take a leading role to end the war, as “we are 14 percent of the population with 20 percent of the casualties.”

“It is time to bring the troops home,” he said.

Villaraigosa also called for a broad coalition to win just immigration reform, saying, “No group can do it alone,” and a national campaign to combat poverty.[18]

Progressive Caucus

In 2000 Dennis Kucinich took his plan for single payer to the Democratic Platform Committee with a group of people from California including Gloria Allred, Tom Hayden, Lila Garrett. They were called the Progressive Caucus.

The plan was rejected.[19]

Progressive Democrats of America

Tom Hayden served on the Advisory Board[20] of Progressive Democrats of America.

Movement for a Democratic Society

NLN Tom Hayden.jpg

Original members of the 2006 Movement for a Democratic Society board included[21];

Elliott Adams, Senia Barragan (Student Representative), David Barsamian, Noam Chomsky, Carl Davidson, Bernardine Dohrn, Bill Fletcher Jr, Bert Garskof, David Graeber, Tom Hayden, Gerald Horne, Mike James, Robin D G Kelley, Mike Klonsky, Ethelbert Miller, Charlene Mitchell, Michael Rossman, Mark Rudd, Howard Zinn.

On February 17, 2007, the Movement for a Democratic Society held a well attended conference[22]at New York City’s New School University.

The business portion of the meeting followed with each board nominee introducing themselves to the conference. The board, a very diverse group, was voted in by acclamation... Board nominees where were not able to attend the conference were included in the appointment by acclamation. The list included Elliott Adams, Panama Vicente Alba, Tariq Ali, Stanley Aronowitz, David Barsamian, Rosalyn Baxandall, John Bracey, Jr., John Brittain, Robb Burlage, Noam Chomsky, Jayne Cortez, Carl Davidson, Angela Davis, Bernardine Dohrn, Barbara Epstein, Gustavo Esteva, Lawrence Ferlinghetti, Stephen Fleischman, Bill Fletcher Jr, Tom Hayden, Gerald Horne, Florence Howe, Michael James, Robin D G Kelley, Alice Kessler Harris, Rashid Khalidi, Mike Klonsky, Betita Martinez, Ethelbert Miller, Roxanne Dunbar-Ortiz, Barbara Ransby, Patricia Rose, Michael Rossman, Studs Terkel, Charlene Teters, Jerry Tucker, Immanuel Wallerstein, Cornel West, Leonard Weinglass and Howard Zinn.

Progressives for Obama

In early 2008 Barbara Ehrenreich, Bill Fletcher, Jr., Danny Glover and Tom Hayden Initiated Progressives for Obama.

The Nation

In 2009, the Editorial board of The Nation[23] included Tom Hayden, Lani Guinier, Richard Falk, Deepak Bhargava, Norman Birnbaum, Barbara Ehrenreich, Frances FitzGerald, Eric Foner, Philip Green, Tony Kushner, Elinor Langer, Deborah Meier, Toni Morrison, Walter Mosley, Victor Navasky, Pedro Antonio Noguera, Richard Parker, Michael Pertschuk, Elizabeth Pochoda, Marcus Raskin, Kristina Rizga, Andrea Batista Schlesinger, David Weir and Roger Wilkins.

Backing Bernie

With the dust still settling after Barack Obama’s and Hillary Clinton’s glitzy fundraising trips to Hollywood early June 2015, Clinton’s first official Democratic rival — Vermont Senator Bernie Sanders — slipped quietly into town Saturday for a pair of low-key events that didn’t raise seven-figure sums, but did warm the hearts of two overflowing crowds of Hollywood progressives.

Sanders’ supporters might be called the entertainment industry’s irreconcilables — the left flank of the Hollywood Dems’ most progressive faction, with activists deeply disappointed in Obama, who they supported, and unwilling to sign on to a Clinton presidential campaign. In the former Secretary of State they see another moderate waiting to happen.

Early Saturday morning, they filled the already blazing front yard of actress Mimi Kennedy’s Van Nuys home, and — at midday — the living room of long-time activists Betty and StanleySheinbaum’s sprawling Brentwood Park mansion, to hear the program of a candidate they see as everything Hillary is not.

“I’m here with my wife and my friends because we believe Bernie is providing us with the opportunity to have a voice and a role in the Democratic process at a time when progressives are on the rise,” said former California state Senator Tom Hayden, who introduced Sanders at the Van Nuys event.

“Bernie has launched a very critical campaign in several states,” Hayden said. “He’s actually doing well in the early polls. He has an opportunity to change the conversation in the country. He has an opportunity to be an effective debater (against Clinton) in the primaries. He has an opportunity to attract Libertarians and Republicans, as well as Democrats and Socialists. It always was a motley crew — the progressive coalition.”

With Massachusetts Senator Elizabeth Warren definitely out of the race, Sanders — a self-described Democratic socialist — is the candidate who checks all the progressive boxes, earning him a devoted Los Angeles following. About 300 people turned out for Sanders’ two events on Saturday. Attendees included Days of Our Lives actress Deidre Hall, Fear and Loathing in Las Vegas producer Richard Foos, Sister Act producer Cindy Gilmore Asner, filmmaker James H. Stern and actress/producer Sheila Emery.

In Van Nuys, Sanders told the crowd that the best part of running for president is being able to talk about the issues the other candidates are avoiding.

“Our campaign is catching fire,” he said. “It’s for one simple reason: We are telling the truth. And I think that’s what the American people want to hear. The truth may not be necessarily pleasant, but we can’t go forward unless we have the courage to take a hard look at where we are today. And where we are today is not in a good place.”[24]

“We need a Global Green New Deal”

Progressive Democrats of America Northern Arizona. May 8, 2013.

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“We need a Global Green New Deal,” was among the statements Tom Hayden made in Flagstaff last week. His perspectives on the pace of progress and social change were eloquently expressed in an analogy of floating down the river where calm waters are interrupted by rapids and an occasional waterfall. Tom’s visit was short but inspiring and we had a chance to connect with a life-long activist whose experiences from the decades long gone provide a lens through which he assesses current events. Stay in touch with Tom through http://tomhayden.com/. — with Margo Conley, Eva Putzova, Tom Hayden and Sallie Kladnik.

Progressive Democrats of the Santa Monica Mountains, 10th Anniversary

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Attendees;

Progressive Democrats of the Santa Monica Mountains Tim Carpenter Courage Award Recipients

MC - Huffington Post's Lance Simmens

PDSSM endorsed candidates - Lou Vince, Nanette Barragan

Special guests - Ted Lieu, Ben Allen, Fran Pavley, Eric Bauman, Alan Minsky, Lila Garrett, Harvey Wasserman, Russell Greene, Ricco Ross, Jerry Manpearl, Richard Bloom, Mimi Kennedy, R.L. Miller, Susie Shannon, Jan Goodman, Nick Donovan, Paul Song, Sandra Fluke, Estee Chandler.

References

  1. "January 17, 1970: Jerry Rubin Brings the Chicago Noise to Seattle"
  2. http://www.trevorloudon.com/2016/10/pro-communist-tom-hayden-dies-mainstream-media-gushes/ Pro-communist Tom Hayden dies; Mainstream media gushes
  3. http://www.sdsrebels.com/biographies.htm
  4. http://http://www.newyorker.com/magazine/2011/05/09/queen-jane-approximately QUEEN JANE, APPROXIMATELY, accessed December 27, 2016
  5. ILS materials, e.g. Firearms and Self Defense, A Handbook for Radicals, Revolutionaries and Easy Riders, Berkeley, December 1969 can be found at the New Left Collection at the Hoover Institute.
  6. Senate, Committee on the Judiciary, Subcommittee to Investigate the Administration of the Internal Security Act and Other Internal Security Laws, The Weather Underground, Committee Print, January 1975, 126-7
  7. "Terrorist Activity: Inside the Weatherman Movement", Hearings, SISS, Sen. Judiciary Committee, Part 2, Oct. 18, 1974
  8. First Report, Un-American Activities in Washington State 1948", Report of the Joint Legislative Fact-Finding Committee on Un-American Activities, including Page 581 where he was identified as "Organizational Secretary of the Northwest District Communist Party
  9. Chicago Maroon, October 1969
  10. The Nation, Tim Carpenter's Politics of Radical Inclusion: In the Streets and in the Polling Booths, John Nichols on April 29, 2014
  11. CAF Co-Founders
  12. Union Card for Green Card: The Radical Vanguard in the Los Angeles Labor Movement, By Lloyd Billingsley.August, 2000
  13. Dem. Left Issue 1998, page 6
  14. [1]
  15. http://www.revcom.us/a/1247/rnc_protest_nion_call.htm
  16. http://www.care2.com/c2c/groups/disc.html?gpp=6486&pst=347342 LA Event Featuring Warren Beatty, Matt Daman for Lynn Woolsey 2/4/06 January 31, 2006 3:45 PM
  17. http://74.125.95.132/search?q=cache:Irf-gxSWV1sJ:kincaidsite.com/dsa/nl-archive.html+Doug+fraser+dsa+Democratic+left&cd=7&hl=en&ct=clnk&gl=nz
  18. PW, Latino Congreso sets 2008 agenda, by: Rosalio Muñoz and Joelle Fishman, October 12 2007
  19. Truthdig, JAN 07, 2008INTERVIEWS A Conversation With Dennis Kucinich, Chris hedges
  20. http://pdamerica.org/tools/pda/Adboard.pdf
  21. file:///C:/Documents%20and%20Settings/Administrator/Local%20Settings/Temporary%20Internet%20Files/Content.Outlook/TWRF0IYM/discuss%20%282%29.htm
  22. http://antiauthoritarian.net/NLN/?p=179
  23. http://www.thenation.com/about/masthead.mhtml
  24. Monday, 22 June 2015 20:49 Bernie Sanders Wows Hollywood Progressives at Two L.A. Fundraisers Written by Tina Daunt | The Hollywood Reporter