- 1 From SDS to socialist revolution
- 2 Trip to Cuba
- 3 Model for U.S. Revolution
- 4 Meeting Terumasa Hatano
- 5 Columbia rioting
- 6 Weathermen Flint "War Council"
- 7 Weather Underground
- 8 "Pine Street" bomb factory
- 9 Unity article on China
- 10 Movement for a Democratic Society
- 11 Statement of Solidarity with Pace SDS
- 12 Free Mumia Abu-Jamal
- 13 Progressives for Obama
- 14 The Rag Blog
- 15 "Rethinking the New Left"
- 16 For May Day and Beyond
- 17 Mark Rudd, DSAer
- 18 Santa Fe DSA Facebook group
- 19 References
Mark William Rudd (born June 2, 1947 in Irvington, New Jersey) is a New Mexico schoolteacher and a former leader of the terrorist Weather Underground Organization. Rudd, who led the riots at New York's Columbia University during early 1968, was acknowledged as one of the leaders of the Weather Underground Organization when the group submerged into the underground in early 1970. He was arrested during the WUO "Days of Rage" riots in October, 1969.
Rudd also went under the false names of Mark William Rudnitsky, Frank Henry Koch and Anthony Goodman.
From Mark Rudd's website;
- As he traveled the country, from the fall of 1968 to the summer of 1969, Mark met many other activists in SDS who were thinking along the same lines as he, that SDS could move from anti-war resistance to full-scale socialist revolution...
- White students would reject their “white skin privilege” and actually begin armed struggle against the U.S. government; this, in turn, would attract broad youth support as the struggle increased, following the Cuban model. This theory became fully articulated in a paper presented to the SDS National Convention in Chicago in June, 1969, authored by a collective of eleven, of which Mark was a member. Its title was “You Don’t Need a Weatherman to Know Which Way the Wind Blows,” from which Mark’s faction of SDS became known as “The Weathermen.”
That convention was SDS’ last. Following a titanic ideological battle concerning “the correct revolutionary direction,” a split occurred between the Weathermen and allies grouped around the National Office and a competing faction of Maoist Progressive Labor Party members and their allies. When it ended, Mark Rudd the newly elected National Secretary of Students for a Democratic Society, along with comrades Bill Ayers as Educational Secretary, and Jeff Jones as Inter-organizational Secretary. The Weathermen were in control of the National Office backed by a small number of chapters around the country.
Trip to Cuba
Rudd visited Cuba for four weeks in early 1968.
From Mark Rudd's website;
- A few national SDS leaders had met with Vietnamese and Cubans to find out about their resistance to U.S. imperialism. Out of these meetings came an invitation for SDS to send a group of students to Cuba in January, 1968. Because of his active work with the chapter, Mark was invited by the National Office to join the trip, which was openly defying the U.S. government’s ban on travel to Cuba. He accepted, working out a month-long absence with his professors...
- Mark met young Cubans in positions of responsibility such as running schools and farms and medical institutions who were fired up with revolutionary enthusiasm: they were remaking society along non-capitalist lines, creating socialism! Meeting with Vietnamese delegates in Cuba, he learned about the nature of the resistance to American aggression, that these people believed they would inevitably drive the Americans from their country, no matter how long it took. As if to prove their point, the Tet Offensive was raging at the time in Vietnam, giving the lie to the American military’s claims that they were winning the war. His group was told by a Vietnamese diplomat in Havana, “The American people will eventually tire of the war and the troops will have to be withdrawn.”
According to the FBI Mark Rudd's trip to Cuba also involved terrorist training in camps set up by Soviet KGB Colonel Vadim Kotchergine.
Model for U.S. Revolution
- "The struggle of the people of the Third World is very closely linked to the point of view of the Cuban people about that struggle. In fact, we consider that the Cuban criterion on the struggle in America is perhaps the correct way in which the revolution will take place... As is known, we have taken from Che his slogan: Create two, three, many Vietnams. Thus we have as our slogan: Create two, three, many Columbias..."
The International Assembly of Revolutionary Student Movements, co-sponsored by Students for a Democratic Society and the Strike Coordinating Committee at Columbia University, was held in New York City, September 18-24, 1968. The assembly was called to explore the ways and means of creating revolutions in the highly industrialized countries of the world and brought together many top people of the youth revolutionary movements in France, Germany, England, Italy, Sweden, Mexico and Canada. In attendance were some top figures in the American revolutionary movement, including Mark Rudd, chairman of SDS at Columbia University.
- Interviewer: "...You said a moment ago that the primary purpose of the SDS is to inform?"
- Rudd: "No, it's to fight."
- Interviewer: "You mean literally fight?"
- Rudd: "The purpose..."
- Interviewer: "To overthrow our government as you stated before, right?"
- Rudd: "No, that's the goal. Absolutely. But I said the purpose was to win America to this..."
later on in the interview;
- Interviewer: "Are you saying to me then that life in Cuba and life in Russia and life in North Vietnam or any other communist country is better than life in the U.S.?"
- Rudd: "Well, first of all, I think that it is true that life in Cuba for the Cuban people is a lot better off than in a lot of ways than life in the U.S., even though they have tremendous economic problems for a tiny country. Russia I am not going to defend, because I don't think Russia is a communist country."
later on in the interview,
- Rudd: "I am part of a faction that is somewhat Maoist,... We believe that third world revolution is happening, that the black struggle is happening, it is starting now... Are you going to fight. Are you going to be on the side of the people who are oppressed against the oppressors. Are you going to be for building a much, a much better society, and to say that this is a racist is a terrible distortion, an absolute distortion. There is one other thing I want to talk about. That is we are holding demonstrations and actions in Chicago next week. It is going to be around the trial of eight people who were charged with federal crime of incitement to riot for last year's Chicago Democratic Convention actions. Our demands are U.S. out of Vietnam, one demand. Another demand is police, occupation troops out of black communities. And U.S. troops out of everywhere in the world, 65 countries where they are occupying bases and where they are actually maintaining the American rule. Those are our demands, or major demands."
Meeting Terumasa Hatano
Weathermen Flint "War Council"
December 27-31, 1969, about 400 of the national membership of the Weatherman faction of Students for a Democratic Society held a “War Council” at a ballroom dancehall in Flint, Michigan. Posters of a giant cardboard machinegun, Ho Chi Minh, Che Guevera, and Fidel Castro hung everywhere.
Among the attendees of the “War Council in Flint" identified by the Flint police department and/or its informant were: Michael Avey, Karen Ashley, Bill Ayers, Edward Benedict, Margaret Bennett, Douglas Bernhardt, Jeff Blum, Harvey Blume, David Chase, Peter Clapp, Judy Clark, Bernardine Dohrn, Diane Donghi, Linda Evans, Brian Flannigan, David Flatley, John Fuerst, Lynn Ray Garvin, Bert Garskof, Michele Garskoff, Mark Glasser, Theodore Gold, Lenny Handlesman, Ann Hathaway, Karen Hardiman, Daniel Hardy, Tom Hayden, Phoebe Hirsch, Arthur Hochberg, Anne Hodges, John J. J. Jacobs, Jeff Jones, Sam Karp, David Klafter, Dianne Kohn, Peter Kuttner, Bradford Lang, Stephen Lang, Karen Latimer, Jonathan Lerner, Naomi Lev, Bradford Long, Alan Maki, Eric Mann, Howard Machtinger, Carol McDermott, L.R. Meadows, Lisa Meisel, Jeff Melish, James Mellen, David Millstone, Russell Neufeld, Diana Oughton, John Pilkington, Edward Purtz, Jonah Raskin, Natalie Rosenstein, Dennis Roskamp, Mark Rudd, Karen Selin, Mark Shapiro, Janet Snider, Mike Spiegel, Jane Spiegelman, Marsha Steinberg, David Sole, Susan Stern, Clayton Van Lydegraf, Cathy Wilkerson and Mary Wozniak.
According to a federal indictment, a smaller group, Bill Ayers, Bernardine Dohrn, Linda Evans, Eric Mann, Howard Machtinger, Diana Oughton and Mark Rudd, met secretly in Flint on December 30, 1969 at the Parish House of Sacred Heart Convent to set up a central committee. It was modeled after Lenin’s democratic centralism. The Weather central committte was to direct underground bombings nationwide from New York, Chicago, Detroit and Berkeley aimed at police, military, university and commercial targets. There was also talk of assassinations. The Liberation News Service reported, “Part of armed struggle, as Dohrn and others laid it down, is terrorism. Political assassination… and… violence…were put forward as legitimate forms of armed struggle..”
Eric Mann, part of the secret group meeting at the Parish House of Sacred Heart Convent soon became an SDS defector and a Flint Police informant. He reported a man dressed as a priest distributing 200 sticks of dynamite in the parking lot to drivers of cars with license plates from New York, Washington, Colorado, Wisconsin, Illinois, Ohio and Pennsylvania, include Theodore Gold, New York.
"Pine Street" bomb factory
Unity article on China
Mark Rudd, a teacher and an activist in the Central America solidarity movement in Albuquerque, New Mexico. wrote an article "Only capitalism can produce “hackers”" for League of Revolutionary Struggle's Unity, Vol. 12, No. 9, June 20, 1989.
- Both Michael Lee’s analysis of the issues in the Chinese students’ protests and Karen Engst’s first person account (Unity, May 31, 1989) were better reportage on China than I’ve seen in any other media. Lee was even balanced enough to predict the possibility of the government cracking down. Engst, on the other hand, represented the optimistic picture, which all of us clung to before the massacre of June 3-4. Thanks to Unity for presenting us an unbiased view of the situation.
- Socialism was supposed to liberate human energy, but it has proven only adequate to serve as the organizing means for modernization of pre-industrial societies into the equivalent of early 20th century industrialization. The experience has proven that all modernization processes (capitalist in the 19th century, imperialist in the 20th) are inherently violent and brutal. People must be ripped from their land and forced into cities to toil, surplus must be sweated from their labor.
Movement for a Democratic Society
Elliott Adams, Senia Barragan (Student Representative), David Barsamian, Noam Chomsky, Carl Davidson, Bernardine Dohrn, Bill Fletcher Jr, Bert Garskof, David Graeber, Tom Hayden, Gerald Horne, Mike James, Robin D G Kelley, Mike Klonsky, Ethelbert Miller, Charlene Mitchell, Michael Rossman, Mark Rudd, Howard Zinn.
The event was held in the Graduate Center, 65 Fifth Avenue, and about 100 participants were in attendance. The meeting featured several speakers who are well known figures on the U.S. Left and an agenda that centered around electing a board of directors for MDS, Incorporated – the non-profit arm of MDS that was founded last August in Chicago, at the national Students for a Democratic Society convention.
Manning Marable was elected as Chair of the new Board.
The new board, elected by acclamation, included: Mark Rudd, David Graeber, Judith Malina, Jesse Zearle, Kate Khatib, Roderick Long, Al Haber, Manning Marable, Muhammed Ahmad, Charlene Mitchell, Starhawk, John O’Brien, Barbara Ehrenreich, Gideon Oliver, Jeff Jones and Bert Garskof.
Statement of Solidarity with Pace SDS
Five Students for a Democratic Society New York members were arrested at Pace University, New York, on Wednesday, November 15, 2006, during a “free expression” protest.
Movement for a Democratic Society issued a support statement;
- We the undersigned officers and members of Movement for a Democratic Society (MDS), denounce the actions of Pace University in regards to the planned arrest of several SDS first amendment activists on November 15, 2006 at the downtown campus. The targeting of these activists for their efforts to organize an SDS chapter at Pace is reprehensible. President David A. Caputo and the Pace administration have violated the civil rights of the student population and we join with SDS Pace in calling for David Caputo to step down now.
Free Mumia Abu-Jamal
Progressives for Obama
The Rag Blog
"Rethinking the New Left"
The Platypus Affiliated Society "got its start down around the University of Chicago some years back. Since then, it's expanded to a small, North American group, still slightly wacky but often interesting". On November 9, 2010, Platypus hosted the public forum, "Rethinking the New Left," moderated by Spencer A. Leonard. The panel consisted of Osha Neumann, a former member of the New York anarchist group in the 1960s, Up Against the Wall Motherfuckers; Mark Rudd, former member and national secretary of Students for a Democratic Society, and later a member of the Weather Underground; Tim Wohlforth, founder and national secretary of the Young Socialist Alliance in 1959; and Alan Spector, a full-time organizer for SDS for more than five years in the 1960s.
For May Day and Beyond
Open Letter to White Communities
- In the past month, five million people, mostly immigrants of color, have mobilized for justice and are making history, flooding the streets in unprecedented numbers. Meanwhile, the most visible participation by white people is coming from the racist and right wing leaders who are defining and dominating the debate in the Federal government and in the news, radio and opinion pages. Where are the voices of anti-racist white people in this crucial moment, when the worst anti-immigrant legislation in decades is still poised to drop?
Mark Rudd, DSAer
Mark Rudd is involved with Santa Fe Democratic Socialists of America.
- How do we successfully ask strangers to trust us on anything we say about politics or candidates?
- The answer is simple, but not so easy: by turning them and ourselves into something other than strangers. By building relationships of trust with people based on shared values and feelings.
- Last night I attended a two-hour training in Santa Fe put on by the SF chapter of DSA, Democratic Socialists of America. It was called "Rules for Radicals (1)" and it was aimed at people who are becoming active in the struggle--mostly new members of the DSA chapter--and are considering taking leadership. The workshop helped us clarify our purposes and consider our values and principles, hopes and fears; plus it asked us to assess our general wellness and self-care practices. Both the trainers were in their 30's and had obviously been organizers for years judging by the skill with which they conducted the trainings.
- The last item of the training was an assessment of the two hours by all involved. One of the trainers said, "Socialism is a common struggle against fear." That made me recall one particular exercise we did, in which we were asked to write down our fears and corresponding hopes. That's the level on which we need to connect with people.
- Right now a whole series of trainings for organizers is being planned. The common element is that we are learning how to make our community-organizing work be "values-driven," utilizing the power of stories. If we can turn out 1,000 of these solid organizers in Albuquerque, we'll win elections and power.
- Here's a little math: there's a mayoral election coming up in the beginning of October. It's nominally non-partisan, but there are multiple Republicans, Independents (most of whom are actually Republicans), and only three Democrats. The progressive in the race--though he wisely refrains from using the term--is Tim Keller, the current state Auditor and a former state senator. He's only 39 years old, a good guy with a good shot at winning.
- But normally very few people vote in municipal elections. So to make it through the first round and be one of two candidates in a final vote a month later, in November, a candidate will need about 13,000 votes (in a city of 600,000 people). Imagine if we had 1,000 trained organizers going door-to-door, just talking to people. Maybe even Trump voters (#knockeverydoor). Each one could sway 13 people to vote and, bing-bang, our candidate would win.
- It's just a question of organization.
Santa Fe DSA Facebook group
- FBI Weatherman Underground Summary Dated 8/20/76, Part 2
- Senate, Committee on the Judiciary, Subcommittee to Investigate the Administration of the Internal Security Act and Other Internal Security Laws, The Weather Underground, Committee Print, January 1975, 126-7
- Senate, Committee on the Judiciary, Subcommittee to Investigate the Administration of the Internal Security Act and Other Internal Security Laws, The Weather Underground, Committee Print, January 1975, 127
- Liberation News Service cited in “The Weather Underground Organization,” Information Digest, Vol. XIV, #22, November 13, 1981, 340
- Senate, Committee on the Judiciary, Subcommittee to Investigate the Administration of the Internal Security Act and Other Internal Security Laws, The Weather Underground, Committee Print, January 1975, 22.
- Signers of Campaign to Free Mumia Abu-Jamal, Now
- Progressives for Obama
- Indymedia For May Day and Beyond