Joaquin Castro

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Joaquin Castro


Joaquin Castro is a Democratic member of the United States House of Representatives, representing the 20th district of Texas.[1]

His mother is famous in the Chicano community. Castro is the son of Maria "Rosie" Castro, a Chicano political activist who helped establish the Chicano political party La Raza Unida in the 1970s. in 1971, at the age of 23, Rosie Castro unsuccessfully ran for the San Antonio City Council.[2]

He is the twin brother of San Antonio Mayor Julian Castro.

Background

Joaquin was born in San Antonio , Texas , September 16, 1974. He was raised in San Antonio' s Westside and attended Jefferson High School before leaving his hometown to attend Stanford University . He double majored in communications and political science and graduated with honors in 1996. He then attended Harvard Law School where he received his Juris Doctorate degree in 2000. Joaquin returned to Texas , and at 27 years old, was elected to serve in the Texas House of Representatives in 2002. He represents House District 125, which stretches from the west to the northwest side of San Antonio. His interest in public service developed at a young age from watching his parents' involvement in political campaigns and civic causes. His father, a retired teacher, and his mother, a longtime activist in the San Antonio community, instilled in their children a deep respect for the democratic process. Joaquin grew up in the world of politics and was raised to value the importance of serving one’s community.

Joaquin Castrohas worked in the Texas Legislature for four terms including as the Vice Chairman of the House Higher Education Committee and is a member of the House County Affairs Committee. In the Legislature, Joaquin has passionately fought to improve the quality of higher education in Texas and to expand access and affordability for our students. In addition to his work in the Texas Legislature, Castro operates a private law practice in San Antonio . He has also taught as an adjunct professor at St. Mary ' s Law School and Trinity University in San Antonio.[3]

Congress

Joaquin Castro serves on the House Armed Services Committee, as well as the House Foreign Affairs Committee. He has also been chosen as 2013 coPresident for the House freshman Democrats and named Assistant Whip for House Democrats, charged with assisting in rallying members around important legislation. [4]

Activists Reunion

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Brothers Julian Castro and Joaquin Castro, were both listed as "modelos" in the program booklet of the December 27-30, 1989 Activist Reunion held at San Antonio's St. Anthony's Hotel by former La Raza Unida Party activists, and fellow Chicano radicals.

Local Steering Committee members included Conference Chair Jose Angel Gutierrez, Event Chair Irma Mireles, and General members Rosie Castro, Ramon Vasquez y Sanchez, Chista Cantu, Manuel Reyes, Nephtali De Leon, Carlos Gonzalez.

National Steering Committee members were Ignacio Garcia (AZ), Rodolfo Acuna, John A. Ramirez, Celia Valle (CA), Pete M. Mirelez (CO), Juan Andrade, Jr. (IL), Mario Compean, Francisco Rodriguez (WI), Angel Gonzalez, and Diola Gonzalez, Jose Angel Gutierrez and Gloria Garza, Antiono Stephens and Janie Stephens, Maria Jiminez, Domingo Nick Reyes and Rose Mary Valladolid, Eliseo y Esperanza Solis, Abbie Pina (TX).

Speakers and hosts included Mariano Aguilar, George Velasquez, Ignacio Perez, Mario Cantu, Albert Pena, Jr., Eloy Centeno, Ruben Sandoval, Mario Compean, Jaime Martinez, Nephtali De Leon, Rudy Acuna, Marta Cotera, Jesus Trevino, Antonio Rodriguez, Reies Lopez Tijerina, Nick Kanellos, Virginia Apodacos, Patsy Tijerina, Linda Valdez, Dr. Alicia Salinas Sosa, Armando Gutierrez, Armando Navarro, Ernesto Chacon, Ruben Sandoval, Fito Salina, Alfredo Zamora, Chuy Negrete, Carlos Gonzalez, Fernando Perez Del Rio, Dante Navarro, Francisco Rodriguez, Alfredo Zamora, Abbie Pina, Ruby Calderon, Maria Loisa Comacho de Lopez

"Tales of Foreign Travels: Chicanos in Cuba, Lebanon, Mexico, France, China etc. Abel Cavada, Maria Elena Martinez, Edgar Lozano, Frank Shafer Corona

"Chicano Power rally" - MC Cruz Chavira Speeches: Reies Lopez Tijerina, Maria Jiminez, Jose Angel Gutierrez, Antonio Rodriguez, Bea Molina, Polly Baca

Authors - Angela de Hoyos, Max Martinez, Ines Hernandes Tovar, Evangelina Vigil, Rudy Acuna "Occupied America", Jose Angel Gutierrez "A Gringo Manual"

Peace March - "US Out of El Salvador" - Rev. Virgilio Elizondo

"Daddy, What Did You Do In The Chicano Movement" - Nick Reyes, Joe Bernal, Jorge Bustamante, Mario Compean, Herman Baca, Rogelio Nunez, Angel Noe Gonzalez, Abel Cavada, Salomon Flores

"Mommy, What Did You Do In The Chicano Movement" - Virginia Apodaca, Rose Mary Valladolid, Virginia Musquiz, Severita Lara, Elvirita de la Fuente

"The Chicano Movement in Hindsight" - Armando Navarro, Justino Balderrama, Dennis Valdez, Jorge Bustamante, Cleo Molina, Rudy Acuna

Banquet: "A Tribute to to Las Mujeres del Movimiento" Guest of Honor Emma Tenayuca, introduction by Rudy Acuna. Keynote Rosie Castro, introduction by Irma Mireles. Mistress of ceremony, Marta Tijerina Ramirez. Honorees Dolores Huerta, Inez Tovar, Maria Elena Martinez, Irma Mireles, Lupe Anguiano, Ninfa Krueger, Bea Molina, Luz Bazan Gutierrez, Evey Chapa, Betita Martinez, Rebecca Flores Harrington, Virginia Apodaca, Viviana Santiago, Cleo Molina, Marta Cotera, Patricia Tijerina, Abbie Pina, Lali Moheno, Alma Canales, Maria Villa, Nita Jo Gonzalez, Linda Valdez, Betty Cuevas, Elvira de la Fuente, Isabel Olea, Polly Baca, Betty Baca, Carmen Zapata, Maria Jiminez, Genoveva Medina, Severita Lara, Diana Serna, Beatriz Mendoza, Juanita Bustamante, Carolina Rodriguez, Maria Elena Salinas

The Trip Back Committee- To Mexico, to Cuba, to puerto Rico, to venezuela, to Spain, to Morocco, Africa by air, and/or ocean liner. Beginning 7/92 and ending 10/12/92

"In Memorium Mass" - Ruben Salazar, Gus Garcia, Ernesto Galarza, Magdeleno Dimas, Maclovio Barraza, Ralph Guzman, Gil Pompa, Maria Hernandez, Alberto Fuentes, Jr., Tomas Rivera, Control del Robe, Willie Velasquez, Mary Elizabeth Ladd, Rev. Albert Benavidez, Raul Rodriguez, Joe Castillo, Heriberto Teran, Salvador Ramirez, Franklin Garcia, Abel Garza, Antonio Cordova, Rito Canales, Ricardo Falcon, Oscar Zeta Acosta, Henry Munoz.

Fraga comment

Luis Fraga, a political scientist at the University of Washington who directed the Castro brothers' undergraduate theses at Stanford, said the political movements in South Texas — including the founding of La Raza Unida Party — were the greatest expressions of seeking social change.

“The tag that this particular effort was ‘radical' is a bit of a misnomer in that the idea through elections and through political parties, you could effect social change is about as mainstream as you can get,” Fraga said.[5]

CineFestival 2011

The theme of San Antonio’s GCAC CineFestival 2011 was Aztaln in Focus: Roots, Raza, and Revolution which captures the spirit of resistance reflected many of these amazing films brought into the festival.

A few attendees at event included: Jesse Borrego - Actor/Host, Elai Morales, Actor/ Emma Tenayuca Award recipient, Mayor Julian Castro – State Rep. Joaquin Castro, mother, Rosie CastroRita Verreros, CBS Survivor/Actress, Attorneys Frank Herrera & son, Jorge Herrera.[6]

May Day with SWU

Southwest Workers Union hosted an International Workers Day Celebration Tuesday, May 1st, 2012, at 1412 E. Commerce, San Antonio.

Speakers included State Representatives Joaquin Castro and Lloyd Doggett, Irasema Cavazos of the Domestic Workers in Action and a representative from Fuerza Unida.[7]

Voter outreach

Southwest Workers Union Executive Director Genaro Lopez-Rendon (center) meets with Joaquin Castro
.

Genaro Lopez-Rendon's team at the Southwest Workers Union was gathered around a conference table talking about 2012 voter outreach with congressional candidate Joaquin Castro.[8]

Announces run

State Rep. Joaquin Castro announced his run for the 20th Congressional District after Congressman Charlie Gonzalez announced he would not run for re-election, November 26th 2011.[9]

Communist connections

Joaquin Castro is close to Communist Party of Texas supporter Jaime Martinez, and the San Antonio based Cesar E. Chavez Legacy & Educational Foundation, and other local communists.

Cesar E. Chavez Legacy dinner

The Cesar E. Chavez Legacy and Educational Fund Scholarship Recipients Dinner Awards, were held Friday, March 26th 2010, La Villita Assembly Hall, 401 Villita. Mistress of Ceremonies: Monica Navarro, news anchor for KWEX Univision. Keynote Speaker: Honorable Joaquin Castro, Texas State House of Representatives. Contact for the event Jaime Martinez.[10]

Claude Black Heroes Gala

The Claude Black Heroes Gala, an event commemorating San Antonio Communist Party USA sympathiser Rev. Claude Black was held at Sunset Station, San Antonio, March 29th 2010. Attendees included Judge Greg Mathis, Host Taj Matthews (grandson of Claude Black), Tommy Calvert, honorees State Senator Leticia Van de Putte, SAEN Columnist Cary Clack, Choco Meza & husband, Danny Meza, & Jeyynne LeBlanc Burley, Councilwoman Mary Alice Cisneros & Rachel Sakai, Mayor Julian Castro & brother State Rep. Joaquin Castro, Byron Miller & judicial nominee Dinoroh Diaz, former Councilman Art Hall, Adam Zeldes, State Senator Carlos Uresti, Joshua Bailey, Alice Guerra, UTSA Professor Dr. Richard Gambitta & wife, Sherri Gambitta, Sunset Station.[11]

Radical communications director

Cary Clack explained his career in a final column for the San Antonio Express-News, October 8, 2011, the path to working for Joaquin Castro, which included starting help from two Communist Party USA affiliates Maury Maverick, Jr., and the Rev. Claude Black.

Maury Maverick, Jr., after checking me out with the Rev. Claude Black, brought me to the attention of Bob Richter, then an associate editorial page director with the San Antonio Express-News, who asked me to write a piece.
I did, and it was published, which led to lunch with Bob and Lynnell Burkett, the other associate editorial page director. Their boss, Sterlin Holmesly, gave me a column in 1994. About a year later, I was hired full time in the newsroom.
This motorcade of firsts, from first grade to first meetings to first columns, brings me to today's destination: my last column for the Express-News.
By this time tomorrow, I will have started my new job as communications director and senior adviser for the Joaquin Castro congressional campaign.[12]

Communists on Host Committee

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On September 3, 2011, at the El Progresso Hall San Antonio, Joaquin Castro held a gathering for his supporters.

Trusted friends,
I’m coming back to my neighborhood where it all began and where my inspiration for public service was born. This is my neighborhood where I learned the values we share. Representing you is a great honor. PLEASE JOIN ME for breakfast. I respectfully ask for your support in our new journey for Congress in District 35.
I look forward to seeing you,
Joaquin Castro

The Host Committee consisted of: Chris Alderete, Joe Alderete Jr. ACC Board, Rosie Alvarado, ,Yvonne Armstrong, Councilman Diego Bernal , Senator Joe Bernal, Mary Esther Bernal, Verna Blackwell-­Hilario, Louise Annette Borrego, Cynthia Cabral, Tommy Calvert, Jr., Erica L. Castro, Mayor Julian Castro, Rosie Castro, Cynthia M. Chapa, Ramon Chapa, Jr., Sandra Cisneros, Former Counclman Philip Cortez, Rene Cortez, Benjamin Cox, Chris Dawkins, Louis R. Escareno, State Rep. Joe Farias, Blakely Fernandez, Eliot Garza, Manuel Diaz Garza, Oscar A. Garza, Erica Gonzaba, Delia Guajardo, Alice Guerra, Jesse Guzman, Chip Haass, Tom Heger, Nico LaHood, Marycarmen Lopez, Jaime Martinez, Taj Matthews, State Rep. Trey Martinez, Councilman David Medina, State Rep. Ruth J. McClendon, Councilman Cris Medina, Alex Nava, Sheriff Amadeo Ortiz, Patti Radle SAISD Board Member, Roberto Rios, Dwayne A. Robinson, Henry Rodriguez, John A. Rodriguez, Former Councilman Justin Rodriguez, Larry Romo, Rosa Rosales, Ramon Vasquez Sanchez, Mario Salas, Councilman Rey Saldana, George Salinas, Yolanda Santos, Laura Thompson, Mark Trevino, Captain James Turner, Kathy Vale, Theresa Vale, Domingo Vara, State Rep. Mike Villarreal, Santos Villarreal, County Judge Nelson Wolff.[13]

Jaime Martinez, Patti Radle, and Rosa Rosales, were all affiliated to the Communist Party of Texas.

July 4, 2012 rally with Radle and Martinez

More than 120 people rallied on San Antonio's West Side on July 4 2012, to call for expanded immigration rights before marching along a nearly 2-mile route to observe what they said was the historic meaning behind Independence Day.

“When the founding fathers made the statement, ‘life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness,' they meant it for all,” said Jaime Martinez, founder and board president of the Cesar E. Chavez Legacy and Educational Foundation and a march organizer. “We are not second-class citizens.”

The march began with a rally at the Guadalupe Theater, where speakers included Bexar County Sheriff Amadeo Ortiz, Democratic congressional candidates Lloyd Doggett and Joaquin Castro and Texas Communist Party affiliate Patti Radle, a West Side community leader and San Antonio school district trustee.

The march was one of several events organized nationwide to promote the “Viva El Pueblo Latino” procession to the Lincoln Memorial on Sept. 15 in Washington, D.C.[14]

Several speakers, including a few politicians running in Democratic primaries, lavished with praise Martinez, who organizes the march each year.

Joaquín Castro — who stood in at the news conference for his twin brother, Mayor Julian Castro — said Chávez left a legacy to be both cherished and honored.

“His legacy to us cannot be overstated,” said Castro, who's running for Congress. “We should always remember he was a fighter for the people.”[15]

Radle visit

Pattie Radle, Joaquin Castro, Seamus Finn

Communist Party of Texas supporter Patti Radle spent time in D.C. March 2013, at the Justice, Peace, and Integrity of Creation Committee meeting of the Oblates of Mary Immaculate.

I was very happy to introduce our director, Fr. Seamus Finn, to our wonderful Rep. Joaquin Castro on a visit to his office.[16]

Esperanza

In 2012 Joaquin Castro helped sponsor the 25th Anniversary celebrations of San Antonio's Communist Party USA led Esperanza Peace and Justice Center.[17]

ARA endorsement, 2012

The Alliance for Retired Americans endorsed Joaquin Castro in 2012.[18]

Anniversary of King march

A march and rally marking the 50th anniversary of Rev. Martin Luther King Jr.'s March on Washington on Capitol Hill, beginning a day of events recalling the historic 1963 civil-rights demonstration.

The march along a 1.6-mile route downtown will pass several buildings with significance for the civil-rights era, including the Justice Department, U.S. Courthouse, Department of Labor and Washington Monument. The procession, to be led by a restored 1960s-era bus like that used by civil-rights activists the Freedom Riders, is expected to draw upward of 100,000 participants. The original march, which demanded jobs and equal rights for blacks, drew about 250,000.

The route ends about midday at the Lincoln Memorial, where President Barack Obama will speak while standing in the same spot on the memorial steps where Rev. King gave his "I Have a Dream" speech, a stirring vision of equality, exactly five decades ago. Mr. Obama will cap two hours of official speeches between 1 and 3 p.m.

Wednesday's speakers include former presidents Bill Clinton and Jimmy Carter, as well as civil-rights protest hero Rep. John Lewis of Georgia, the only surviving speaker from the original 1963 event. D.C.

Mayor Vincent Gray also will speak. Other congressional speakers include Reps. Joaquin Castro (D., Texas), Marcia Fudge (D., Ohio), Donna Edwards (D., Md.) and Angus King (I., Maine). [19]

Castro stumps for votes at Stonewall Dems meeting

Congressman Lloyd Doggett (D-Austin) and State Representative Joaquin Castro (D-San Antonio) appeared before members of Stonewall Democrats of San Antonio on August 15. 2011 to pitch their campaigns for the newly created Congressional District 35, which will run from San Antonio’s Southside to the south side of Austin.

District 35 is one of four new congressional districts awarded to Texas as the result of the 2010 census and is designated as an “Hispanic opportunity” district.

Doggett, accompanied by County Commissioner Tommy Adkisson, spoke first and touted his outspoken criticism of Governor Rick Perry as well as his liberal voting record in Congress the past 16 years. He acknowledged voting for the Defense of Marriage Act in 1996 and said that attitudes have dramatically changed on same-sex marriage since then and would vote to repeal DOMA today.

Doggett also cited his high congressional scorecard rating with the Human Rights Campaign on LGBT issues. He labeled a recent PlazaDeArmasTX.com article questioning his lack of support for openly gay U.S. attorney candidate Robert Pitman as a “smear campaign” and explained that he and other Texas Democrats in Congress were supporting Hispanic candidates for this post and that he congratulated Pitman after President Obama announced his appointment.

After Doggett left the meeting, Castro spoke and acknowledged that while he “abstained” from voting on Texas DOMA in 2003 and the anti-gay Texas constitutional marriage amendment in 2005, he voted against efforts to ban gay adoptions in Texas and confronted Republican State Representative Wayne Christian who attempted to amend the education funding bill by banning support for campus diversity centers that reach out to “pansexuals” among other groups.

Castro ended his remarks by saying that he looks forward to the day when there will be full equality for all citizens, regardless of whom they love in life.

Both Doggett and Castro were well received by those in attendance and said they look forward to seeking SDSA’s endorsement in January of 2012.[20]

Congress

In the two months since Mr. Castro, a lawyer and former state legislator, was sworn into Congress, he has been the twin receiving the larger share of attention.

He received high-profile assignments to the Armed Services and Foreign Affairs committees and was elected president of the House Democrats’ freshman class. Although his own Congressional race was noncompetitive, he made fast friends and earned praise from the Democratic Congressional Campaign Committee for raising cash for future colleagues.

And he has been an unofficial ambassador on immigration for the Obama administration, appearing on “This Week With George Stephanopoulos” on ABC the morning after the White House’s comprehensive immigration plan leaked. There he lauded the president’s efforts and highlighted what he called “commonalities” between the administration’s proposal and one by a bipartisan group of senators.

“I’m trying to very quickly be as helpful as I can,” Mr. Castro said last week in an interview, “not only as a voice out there speaking about it in the news, but also internally, in the body.”

He has surrounded himself with experienced staff members: his chief of staff is a former aide to Nancy Pelosi, the House minority leader, and his press secretary served Harry Reid, the Senate majority leader.[21]

Congressional Hispanic Caucus

In 2013 Joaquin Castro was a member of the Congressional Hispanic Caucus.

Working with Medina

Right Joaquin Castro, Luis Gutierrez. Eliseo Medina, August 1, 2013

Supporting Jenn Brown

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In December 2013, Joaquin Castro filmed a congratulatory video to Jenn Brown of Battleground Texas, for her Midwest Academy Progressive Leaders Award.

PDA connection

In June 2013 Progressive Democrats of America assigned activists to deliver their material to almost every US Congressman and several Senators. Gerald Carter was assigned as contact for Rep. Castro.[22]

New Democrat Coalition, 113th Congress

In the 113th Congress, 50 members of the House of Representatives belonged to the New Democrat Coalition, including:[23]

  • Joaquin Castro

TARA connection

(l-r) staring with Congressman Castro,(white shirt), Mike Edwards LIUNA, Tom Cummins, AFT and CLC President, Berniece Rodriguez, CWA, Doug Smolka, SA Bldg. Trades, Gilbert Garcia, Sheet Metal Workers, and Tony Padilla, IAM/TARA

On Thursday November 12, 2015, Tony Padilla, the Secretary of the Texas Alliance for Retired Americans, and a group of Representatives from the San Antonio Labor Council of the AFL-CIO, met with Congressman Joaquin Castro of the 20th District of Texas to thank him for his continued support for seniors and the labor community praising him for his initial vote against passage of the Fast Track part of the Trans Pacific Partnership agreement.

Intelligence scandal

Three brothers who managed office information technology for members of the House Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence and other lawmakers were abruptly relieved of their duties, on suspicion that they accessed congressional computers without permission.

Brothers Abid Awan, Imran Awan, and Jamal Awan were barred from computer networks at the House of Representatives Thursday February 2, 2017.

Three members of the intelligence panel and five members of the House Committee on Foreign Affairs were among the dozens of members who employed the suspects on a shared basis.

Also among those whose computer systems may have been compromised is Rep. Debbie Wasserman Schultz, the Florida Democrat who was previously the target of a disastrous email hack when she served as chairman of the Democratic National Committee during the 2016 campaign.

The brothers are suspected of serious violations, including accessing members’ computer networks without their knowledge and stealing equipment from Congress.

Jamal handled IT for Rep. Joaquin Castro, a Texas Democrat who serves on both the intelligence and foreign affairs panels.

“As of 2/2, his employment with our office has been terminated,” Castro spokeswoman Erin Hatch told TheDCNF Friday.

Jamal Awan also worked for Louisiana Democrat Rep. Cedric Richmond, who is on the Committee on Homeland Security.

Imran worked for Reps. Andre Carson, an Indiana Democrat, and Jackie Speier, a California Democrat. Both are members of the intelligence committee. Imran Awan, also worked for the House office of Wasserman Schultz.

Then-Rep. Tammy Duckworth, an Illinois Democrat, employed Abid Awan for IT work in 2016. She was a member of House committees dealing with the armed services, oversight, and Benghazi. Duckworth was elected to the Senate in November, 2016. Abid Awan has a prior criminal record and a bankruptcy.

Abid Awan also worked for Rep. Lois Frankel, a Florida Democrat who is member of the foreign affairs committee.

The three men are “shared employees,” meaning they are hired by multiple offices, which split their salaries and use them as needed for IT services. It is up to each member to fire them.

A criminal investigation into five unnamed people began late last year related to serious and potentially illegal violations of House IT policies. Chiefs of staff for the members were briefed Thursday by the Sergeant-at-Arms.

Capitol Police spokeswoman Eva Malecki said the investigation was still ongoing, and arrests have not been made but staff were “asked to update their security settings.”

The Sergeant-at-Arms told staff that the subjects were four men who were brothers and one woman. It did not name them. It quoted one of the affected members as saying “they said it was some sort of procurement scam, but now I’m concerned that they may have stolen data from us, emails, who knows.”

The three brothers have all shared a house in Lorton, Virginia, that is owned by Hina Alvi. Alvi is a female House IT employee who works for many of the same members as the three brothers, as well as the House Democratic Caucus. Alvi has worked for reps Gregory Meeks, Yvette Clarke, Dave Loebsack, and Emanuel Cleaver.

Signs of trouble have long been visible in public records. The Congressional Credit Union repossessed Abid’s car in 2009, and he declared bankruptcy in 2012, facing multiple lawsuits.

Alvi, who did not respond to TheDCNF’s request for comment, has taken multiple second mortgages.

Jack Langer, spokesman for the intelligence committee, said the committee office has its own IT staff and security measures and classified information from the panel is not allowed to be sent to members’ personal offices.[24]

Staff

External links

References

  1. National Journal "The New Faces of the 113th Congress," November 15, 2012
  2. 10 Things To Know About San Antonio Mayor Julian Castro By Ashley Porter on September 05 2012
  3. HOPE bio,. accessed August. 2013
  4. La Voz, April, 2013, Three New Congressmen Representing San Antonio
  5. MySA, From political matriarch Rosie Castro, the sons also rise, enter public service.BY JOSH BAUGH : SEPTEMBER 29, 2012
  6. report, UESDAY, FEBRUARY 08, 2011 San Antonio CineFestival 2011 Photos from Tony Mandujano
  7. Southwest Workers Union to Celebrate International Workers Day Tuesday May 1st April 30, 2012
  8. My SA Civil rights' new guard Grassroots organizations are reaching out to those coming of age. By Elaine Ayala November 26, 2011
  9. BY LINDA WALKER AT SATURDAY, NOVEMBER 26, 2011. Walker report
  10. The Walker Report, MARCH 04, 2010 14th Annual Cesar E. Chavez celebration schedule
  11. Walker report, TUESDAY, MARCH 30, 2010 The final photos of the Claude Black Heroes Gala, 3-29
  12. MYSA, October. 8, 2011
  13. Joaquin Castro for Congress shared Alice Guerra's photo. September 3, 2011
  14. My SA, July 4th marchers call for immigration reformBY ABE LEVY : JULY 4, 2012
  15. MySA, March for Justice to travel along César E. Chávez BoulevardBY JOSH BAUGH : MARCH 12, 2012
  16. Radle FB page, accessed november 2013
  17. La Voz de Esperanza April 2012 vol. 25, page 2
  18. PAF
  19. [Williamson, Elizabeth. Wall Street Journal (Online) [New York, N.Y] 27 Aug 2013: n/a.
  20. [http://www.qsanantonio.com/district35.htm, Doggett and Castro stump for votes at Stonewall Dems meeting By Dan Graney, QSanAntonio.com, August 18, 2011]
  21. [http://www.nytimes.com/2013/03/03/us/politics/joaquin-castro-the-other-texas-twin-takes-center-stage.html?pagewanted=all&_r=0, THE TEXAS TRIBUNE The Twin in the Background Takes Center Stage By EMILY RAMSHAW Published: March 2, 2013]
  22. PDA June 2013 Educate Congress Digest
  23. NDC Member List
  24. The Daily Caller, LUKE ROSIAK11:12 AM 02/04/2017
  25. House Staff Directory Rep. Joaquin Castro, accessed january 8,, 2015